Petroleum Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Petroleum Chapter 3 Deck (23)
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1

Which of the following is a metal?
Sulfur, Chlorine, Phosphorus, Aluminum

Aluminum

2

Which of the following atoms could be a donator or a receiver of electrons?
Bromine, Potassium, Sulfur, Silicon

Silicon

3

To separate the different fractions of petroleum what do we use?

Fractional distillation

4

Who is the biggest consumer of oil?

North America

5

What do ionic bonds contain?

a metal and a non-metal

6

Which of these elements has 6 valence electrons?
Oxygen, Selenium, Sulfur

Look at the periodic table

7

What is a polyatomic ion?

Many atoms with a charge

8

Which of these elements is a non-metal?
Aluminum, Oxygen, Beryllium, Oxygen

Oxygen

9

Which of these liquids have high viscosity?

Milk, Molasses, Water, Methylene Chloride

Molasses

10

Which of the following is a polyatomic ion?

NH(4), N(3-), H(4), NH(4+)

NH(4+)

11

What physical property is used to separate the different fractions of petroleum?

Boiling Point

12

What is the name of the group that petroleum belongs to?

Hydrocarbons

13

A liquid that flows or moves very quickly and easily has what kind of viscosity?

Low viscosity

14

Small hydrocarbons have (what size) intermolecular forces between them?

Small

15

Be able to draw the electron dot diagrams for elements

See Mr. Krumpelman for help

16

Be able to complete a char for prefixes

Example: Hepta - - 7

17

Explain how a ionic bond "sticks" together?

They attract - - positive to negative

18

What are the differences between ionic and covalent bonds?

Covalent - - 2 nonmetals and they have shared electrons
Ionic - - metals + nonmetal and they transfer electrons

19

What is the difference between polyatomic cation and a polyatomic anion?

Cation = postive
Anion = negative

20

How do you figure out how many valence electrons an atom has in the main group elements?

Main group number = number of valence electrons

21

Describe how fractional distillation works.

Must include heat, boiling point, vaporize

22

Be able to tell if a formula is ionic or covalent and then name it.

Example - - MgO - - Ionic - - Magnesium Oxide
OR
Di Hydrogen Monoxide - - Covalent - - H(2)O

23

Which element is a NON-reactive element?
Silicon, Neon, Nigrogen, Carbon

Neon