Unit 4 - Bonds Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 - Bonds Deck (33)
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1

What is the term for a covalent bond between atoms in which the electrons are shared equally?

Nonpolar Covalent Bond

2

What is the term for the pairs of valence electrons that are not shared between atoms?

Unshared pairs

3

What is the term for a bond formed when two atoms share a pair of electrons?

Single Covalent Bond

4

What is the term for a covalent bond in which one atom contributes both bonding electrons?

Coordinate Covalent Bond

5

What is a chemical formula that show the arrangement of atoms in a molecule or polyatomic ion?

Structural Formula

6

What is the term for a neutral group of atoms joined together by covalent bonds?

Molecule

7

What is the term for a molecule consisting of two atoms?

Diatomic Molecule

8

What is the term for a bond formed by the sharing of electrons between atoms?

Covalent

9

What is the term for the lowest whole number ratio of ions in an ionic compound?

Formula Unit

10

What term show the kinds and numbers of atoms in the smallest representative particle of the substance?

Chemical Formula

11

What is the term for when forming compounds, atoms tend to achieve the electron configuration of a noble gas?

Octet Rule

12

What is the term for the electrons in the highest occupied energy level of an atom?

Valence Electrons

13

What is the term for a bond formed between a metal and a nonmetal, and electrons are transferred?

Ionic

14

What type of bond contains a sea of electron, allowing electricity to flow easily and creates a malleable and ductile substance?

Metallic

15

What type of bond is between 2 nonmetals?

Covalent

16

What are the properties of a covalent compound?

Low melting point

17

What is a property of an ionic compound?

Between a metal and a nonmetal

18

What is the term for a bond in which two atoms share two pairs of electrons (4 electrons Total)

Double Covalent Bond

19

What is the term for a chemical formula that show the kinds of numbers of atoms present in a molecule of a compound?

Molecular Formula

20

What is the term for a bond in which two atoms share THREE pairs of electrons (6 electrons total)

Triple Covalent Bond

21

What is the term for the dots that represent the valence electrons which are the atom's outermost electrons around the symbol of the element?

Lewis Dot Structure

22

What is the term for a covalent bond between atoms in which the electrons are shared unequally?

Polar Covalent Bond

23

What is a compound composed of molecules?

Molecular Compound

24

What are the forces of attraction that hold metals together?

Metallic Bond

25

Be able to determine if an element will lose or gain electrons

See your notes

26

Be able to determine the lewis dot structure of and element

Use your notes

27

Be able to how many valence electrons an element has

Use your notes

28

Be able to state what an element will be come when it gains or loses and electron

Use your notes

29

Be able to determine if two bonds create an ionic bond

Use your notes

30

Be able to determine if two bonds create a covenant bond

Use your notes