Chapter 8 - - Chemistry of the Body Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - - Chemistry of the Body Deck (46)
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1

What is the term for when molecules undergo a transformation within a biological catalyst?

Substrates

2

What is the term for a biochemical category that contains fats?

Lipids

3

What is a food additive that has the same amount of calories as sugar, but is thousands of times sweeter?

Aspartame

4

What is a type of fat that contains majority saturated fats?

Animal fat

5

What is the term for the amount of energy that is required to heat 1 g of water 1 degree Celsius?

calorie

6

What is the substance that limits the amount of product that is made?

Limiting substance

7

What is a carbohydrate that only contains one sugar ring?

Monosaccharide

8

What is the term for the state in which a person consumes enough calories in a day, but does not consume the proper nutrients?

Malnourished

9

What is the term for chemicals added to foods to enhance shelf like or taste?

Food Additives

10

What are Biological catalysts?

Enzymes

11

What is a fat molecule that contains only single bonds in the chain?

Trans fat

12

What is the state in which a person does not consume enough calories?

Undernourished

13

What is a macro molecule that is made up of a combination of amino acids?

Carbohydrates

14

What is a term combination of three fatty acid molecules with a glycerol?

Triglyceride

15

Be able to Identify they type of macro molecule diagram

See your notes

16

What is the term for fats that contain multiple double bonds in the Chain?

fats

17

What is the term for Amino acids that must be consumed from specific plants or in dietary supplements if one does not consume meat?

Complimentary Proteins

18

What is the term for sugars that form polymers?

Polysaccharides

19

What are the essential molecules that are required for survival but are not fats, proteins or carbohydrates?

Vitamins

20

What is a type of vitamin that can be stored in the body?

Fat-Soluble

21

What are the amino acids that can be consumed by eating meats?

Complete Proteins

22

What type of fat usually contains unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats?

Plant fat

23

What is a classification of compounds that contains carbon, hydrogen and oxygen - they can either be found in chain form or ring form?

Carbohydrates

24

What is the term for a carbohydrate that contains two sugar rings?

Disacchardie

25

What is the molecules that make up proteins and contain a COOH and NH3 group?

Amino Acids

26

What is the term for the main energy carbohydrate that is broken down by glycolysis in the body?

Glucose

27

What is the device that is used to measure the amount of energy in a substance?

Calorimeter

28

What is the process in which unsaturated fatty acids have hydrogen atoms added to the double bonds?

Partial Hydrogenation

29

Be able to identify a picture of a TYPE of molecule

Use you notes

30

How much energy is in 1 g of fat?

9 cal