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Flashcards in Strategies and Tactics Deck (611)
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151

3 basic ways to get to a roof

Adjoining building (preffered)
Aerial or TL
Rear fire escape (least preferred, they don't always go to the roof)

* Interior stairs are to be avoided

152

Possible vertical roof openings:

Bulkheads , scuttles, skylights

153

In many situations _______ determines the outcome of a fire

Ventilation
* Must be done in conjunction with fire attack so that the steam produced has an exit path

154

Roles of the ladder Co. at a fire:

Forcible entry, S and R, Ventilation

Also includes: laddering the building , Overhaul and salvage ops, shutting of utilities

155

In the smoldering stage, after the fire has burned itself out, _____ needs to happen before entry by FD

Vertical ventilation

156

Take position at the _____ of the fire room

Fire burning in walls and ceilings can only be extinguished after being _____

Doorway

Opened up

157

Never advance into fire apartment without ______

To get the layout , go into the apartment _____

Don't use the hose line on smoke unless ____

Operate hoseline in a ____ or ____ pattern

Charged hose line

Directly below fire apt

To cool a super heated ceiling to prevent flashover

Clockwise or Z

158

FF should regard every opening as a _____ opening

Opening doors and windows indiscriminately is ______

Vent

Irresponsible and dangerous

159

Prior to entering a building FF should:

Identify : construction type, occupancy, ned for rescue, type of fire ( vent or fuel controlled), need for ventilation

160

2 basic functions of Engine Co

Put a line into operation
Obtain adequate water supply

161

To confine fire

close a door
use and extinguisher

162

3 basic steps of fire suppression:

A vent controlled fire displays:

A fuel controlled fire is one that is :

Fully involved fires are examples of :

Locating, confining and extinguishing

High smoke volume and pressure

Growth is limited by supply of combustibles

Fuel controlled fires

163

1 3/4 line at 50 psi produces ____ gym

2 1/2 line at 50 psi produces _____ gym

Both using a smooth bore nozzle

180 gpm

320 gpm

164

In areas where hydrants are not available you will have to use _____ or ______

Drafting - static water location: lake, river , dry hydrant

Tender (tanker) shuttles - may carry 1000 to 8000 gallons can connect directly to the operating engine or dump water into a portable tank

TDR - Tender delivery Rate

165

3 types of lays for water supply:

Forward
Reverse
Split

166

Standard for automotive fire Apparatus NFPA 1901 requires _____ of an engine company

Min water tank of 300 gallons
Hose compartment of at least 30 cubic ft for 2 1/2 supply hose or greater and 2 compartments of at least 3.5 cft for 1 1/2 or larger attack hose

Min pump size of 750 gym

167

The basic building block of every FD

Engine company

168

Initial fire attack tactics are impacted by various factors:

Requirement for immediate rescue
Human and physical resources required
Water supply
Access to the subject or structure

169

Specialized extinguishing systems include:

Carbon dioxide
Halogenated agent
Dry chem
Wet Chem

170

Vertical piping in a sprinkler or standpipe system:

Riser

171

Standpipe connection should always be made on ______

Flake the hose to the floor ______

Floor below the fire

Floor above the fire

172

High rise kit should be capable of flowing _____ GPM
Kit should contain:

250 psi

Min of 100 ft of 1 3/4 or 2 inch
gated y or water thief
spanners, pipe wrench
* hand wheel for standpipe outlet
nozzle (smooth bore prefferrable)
Door wedges
Typical hand tools

173

Initial pressure to pump an FDC at :

A minimum of _____ should supply the sprinkler or standpipe system

1 FF must locate the main water control valve and make sure it is open

150 psi *could be increased to 175 to 200

Two 2 1/2 inch hose lines

The FF should not leave the main control walve

174

Each type of built in fire protection system, when activated, requires ______

Support from the FD

175

FDC's must be _____ connections

Standards mandate that there can be NO WAY of shutting off the supply between the FDC and where it enters the system

Female

176

Standpipe systems are limited to ______ ft. per zone

No 2 zones are allowed to exceed _____ ft

275

550

177

Standpipes can be ____ or ____ and are broken down into _____ types

Wet or dry

4 types
wet - outlet opens, water flows
dry- no air pressure, must open a valve to get water into system
dry- filled w/ air under pressure
dry- no water supply, must be supplied by FD

178

FF should be aware of ____ when dealing with standpipes

They are commonly found on class 3 systems

Any systems above 150 psi should be marked

pressure reducing devices

179

Same flow requirements of a class 1 standpipe system

FF should always change out the systems _____

Class 3 standpipe system
Hoses and use their own

180

Must flow 100 gpm for 30 min. Min residential pressure of 65 psi at highest furthest outlet while flowing 100 gpm

class 2 standpipe system