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3 basic ways to get to a roof

Adjoining building (preffered)
Aerial or TL
Rear fire escape (least preferred, they don't always go to the roof)

* Interior stairs are to be avoided


Possible vertical roof openings:

Bulkheads , scuttles, skylights


In many situations _______ determines the outcome of a fire

* Must be done in conjunction with fire attack so that the steam produced has an exit path


Roles of the ladder Co. at a fire:

Forcible entry, S and R, Ventilation

Also includes: laddering the building , Overhaul and salvage ops, shutting of utilities


In the smoldering stage, after the fire has burned itself out, _____ needs to happen before entry by FD

Vertical ventilation


Take position at the _____ of the fire room

Fire burning in walls and ceilings can only be extinguished after being _____


Opened up


Never advance into fire apartment without ______

To get the layout , go into the apartment _____

Don't use the hose line on smoke unless ____

Operate hoseline in a ____ or ____ pattern

Charged hose line

Directly below fire apt

To cool a super heated ceiling to prevent flashover

Clockwise or Z


FF should regard every opening as a _____ opening

Opening doors and windows indiscriminately is ______


Irresponsible and dangerous


Prior to entering a building FF should:

Identify : construction type, occupancy, ned for rescue, type of fire ( vent or fuel controlled), need for ventilation


2 basic functions of Engine Co

Put a line into operation
Obtain adequate water supply


To confine fire

close a door
use and extinguisher


3 basic steps of fire suppression:

A vent controlled fire displays:

A fuel controlled fire is one that is :

Fully involved fires are examples of :

Locating, confining and extinguishing

High smoke volume and pressure

Growth is limited by supply of combustibles

Fuel controlled fires


1 3/4 line at 50 psi produces ____ gym

2 1/2 line at 50 psi produces _____ gym

Both using a smooth bore nozzle

180 gpm

320 gpm


In areas where hydrants are not available you will have to use _____ or ______

Drafting - static water location: lake, river , dry hydrant

Tender (tanker) shuttles - may carry 1000 to 8000 gallons can connect directly to the operating engine or dump water into a portable tank

TDR - Tender delivery Rate


3 types of lays for water supply:



Standard for automotive fire Apparatus NFPA 1901 requires _____ of an engine company

Min water tank of 300 gallons
Hose compartment of at least 30 cubic ft for 2 1/2 supply hose or greater and 2 compartments of at least 3.5 cft for 1 1/2 or larger attack hose

Min pump size of 750 gym


The basic building block of every FD

Engine company


Initial fire attack tactics are impacted by various factors:

Requirement for immediate rescue
Human and physical resources required
Water supply
Access to the subject or structure


Specialized extinguishing systems include:

Carbon dioxide
Halogenated agent
Dry chem
Wet Chem


Vertical piping in a sprinkler or standpipe system:



Standpipe connection should always be made on ______

Flake the hose to the floor ______

Floor below the fire

Floor above the fire


High rise kit should be capable of flowing _____ GPM
Kit should contain:

250 psi

Min of 100 ft of 1 3/4 or 2 inch
gated y or water thief
spanners, pipe wrench
* hand wheel for standpipe outlet
nozzle (smooth bore prefferrable)
Door wedges
Typical hand tools


Initial pressure to pump an FDC at :

A minimum of _____ should supply the sprinkler or standpipe system

1 FF must locate the main water control valve and make sure it is open

150 psi *could be increased to 175 to 200

Two 2 1/2 inch hose lines

The FF should not leave the main control walve


Each type of built in fire protection system, when activated, requires ______

Support from the FD


FDC's must be _____ connections

Standards mandate that there can be NO WAY of shutting off the supply between the FDC and where it enters the system



Standpipe systems are limited to ______ ft. per zone

No 2 zones are allowed to exceed _____ ft




Standpipes can be ____ or ____ and are broken down into _____ types

Wet or dry

4 types
wet - outlet opens, water flows
dry- no air pressure, must open a valve to get water into system
dry- filled w/ air under pressure
dry- no water supply, must be supplied by FD


FF should be aware of ____ when dealing with standpipes

They are commonly found on class 3 systems

Any systems above 150 psi should be marked

pressure reducing devices


Same flow requirements of a class 1 standpipe system

FF should always change out the systems _____

Class 3 standpipe system
Hoses and use their own


Must flow 100 gpm for 30 min. Min residential pressure of 65 psi at highest furthest outlet while flowing 100 gpm

class 2 standpipe system