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What is the purpose of the accountability system?

The purpose is to account for all emergency personnel, at any given time, within a small geographical area, within the “hazard zone” of an incident.


Accountability involves a ------ -------- to work within the safety system at an incident

personal commitment


A minimum crew size will be considered

two members and a radio will be required.


Who must supervise all crews entering a hazard zone?

B100 d
A Lieutenant or other higher ranking individual


SOG if radio fails in hazard zone?

B100 E
If a radio fails while in the hazard zone, the crew will exit unless there is another working radio with the crew. Continuing operations with a crewmember radio failure will be best managed with the non-functioning radio personnel remaining in close contact and within hearing distance of a crewmember with a functioning radio until all crew members exit the hazard zone.


Size of passport unit



PAR's should be conducted

PARs should be conducted face-to-face within the Company or with the Group or Division Officer whenever possible.


A Personnel Accountability Report can be employed by the Incident Commander for the following situations:

1. Any report of a missing or trapped firefighter (Command initiates a report of all crews on the scene).
2. Any change from offensive to defensive operations (Command initiates a report of all crews on the scene).
3. Any sudden hazardous events at the incident, including flashover, back draft, collapse, etc. (Command initiates a report of all crews on the scene).
4.At each thirty (30) minute interval of elapsed incident time.
5.At a report of “fire under control”.
6. By all crews reporting an “all clear” (Company Officers of crews responsible for search and rescue will ensure they have accounted for their crews at the time they report an “all clear”)


The following rules must be followed for the accountability system to function properly:

1. PASSPORTs never enter the hazard zone.
2. PASSPORTs must be maintained at the Command vehicle during large or complex operations.
3. PASSPORTs must reflect only personnel presently in the hazard zone.


Implementation of the PASSPORT system will occur at any incident that requires the use of

Self Contained Breathing Apparatus.


For single company incidents, the PASSPORT will remain on the ---- ----. The -------- will assume accountability responsibilities.

apparatus dash
Driver Engineer


On multi- company operations where SCBA is used, PASSPORTS will be delivered to the Command Post or Accountability Officer prior to entering the hazard zone, exception will be made for

first due units that are actively engaged in initial fireground or hazard mitigation operations. In those instances, the Accountability officer will assign the duty of acquiring those Passports from each of those units.


For any reports of a missing firefighter(s), Incident Command shall request

the next greater alarm assignment.


With missing/ lost firefighter,command must next do an immediate roll call of all companies assigned in the hazard zone. Searches will begin in the

the last reported working area of the lost firefighter(s).


The hazard zone will be defined as any area that requires an -----or in which a firefighter is at risk of becoming ------,--------, or-------

- an SCBA,
-lost, trapped, or injured by the environment or structure. This would include entering a structure reported to be on fire, operating in close proximity to the structure during exterior operations, confined space or trench rescue, the hot zone at a hazardous materials incident, or the debris field of a motor vehicle accident


Command will react to all barriers that influence incident accountability and will ensure that all companies entering a hazard zone have radios and are supervised by a

Company Officer or higher ranking officer.


If a situation occurs that the entire crew is not assigned to the hazard zone, an individual must leave the hazard zone, or an individual is reassigned (i.e. the Driver/Engineer is at the apparatus pumping), the individual’s name will be

turned upside down to indicate that the person(s) is not in the hazard zone.


Which way should passports be placed at the beginning of shift?

All personnel will place their individual passports right side up on the passport unit at the beginning of the shift. Only when on scene, and it is determined that an individual will not be entering the hazard zone, should an individual’s passport be turned upside down.


After ---- failed verbal or radio attempts to contact the firefighter with the activated P.A.S.S. device or a member of the company that can account for the activation, the Division or Group Officer shall contact Command to activate Rapid Intervention Team operations (see Rapid Intervention Team SOP) to locate and extract the downed worker.



These Teams shall be assigned when a RIT is indicated or requested.

Personnel assigned to the BSODFRES Hazardous Materials Team and Technical Rescue Team received many hours of specialized RIT training and were supplied with the most advanced RIT equipment.


Who shall be responsible for identifying the need for a Rapid Intervention Team (RIT)

The Incident Commander


Establishment of the RIT shall be at every

incident in which firefighters enter a hazardous are that could be immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH).


Examples of when a RIT shall be established include, but are not limited to

1.Offensive interior fire operations.
2.Hazardous materials incidents.
3.Trench rescue operations.
4.Large frame aircraft fire operations.
5.Boat and shipboard fire operations.
6.Any other incident posing a significant risk to firefighters.
7.At the discretion of the Incident Commander or Battalion Chief.


The terms “MAYDAY” and “EMERGENCY TRAFFIC” must only be used in situations where

immediate communication is necessary to protect life or prevent injury.


Radio traffic during "Mayday" or emergency traffic

-Whenever a “MAYDAY” or “EMERGENCY TRAFFIC” is transmitted, all communications on the frequency are to cease. Only those transmissions between the member initiating the communication, the Incident Commander or designee, and the Firecom center are allowed.
-It will be the responsibility of the Incident Commander to take the fire ground operation to a different monitored frequency and keep the rescue operation on the original tactical frequency. Both channels shall be monitored by Firecom and the Incident Commander.


MAYDAY – Mayday transmissions are an indication that a ------ --------- situation has developed. The “MAYDAY” transmission shall receive the ------ ------- priority from Firecom, Incident Command, and all operating units.

Life threatening
Highest communication


Reasons to call Mayday working fires:

a. Collapse of a roof or floor.
b. Firefighter is lost or trapped.
c. Flashover has occurred.
d. Discovery of another downed firefighter.
e. Separated from crew and low on air.
f. Tangled, pinned or stuck with a low pressure alarm.
g. Tangled, pinned or stuck and unable to self-extricate within 60 seconds.
h.Change in fire conditions that causes to inability to make immediate access to a known egress.
I.Low air alarm activates and there is no exit within 60 seconds or firefighter is not on a hoseline of 200 feet or less.


Reasons to call Mayday confined space/trench ops

1.Recognized change in mental or physical state (i.e. dizziness, headache, nausea, numbness/tingling, etc.).
2.Suspected change in the mental or physical status of another firefighter operating in the IDLH.
3.Any situation requiring the use of an escape bottle or buddy- breathing.
4.Discovery of another downed firefighter.
5.Collapse causing any blockage of the egress.
6.Collapse in the confined space with or without trapping firefighters. g. 7.Firefighter judgment


Reason for Mayday Hazardous Materials Operations

A. Recognized change in mental or physical state (i.e. dizziness, headache, nausea, numbness/tingling, etc.).
B. Suspected change in the mental or physical status of another firefighter operating in the IDLH.
C.Discovery of another downed firefighter.
D. Collapse of any confined space with or without trapping firefighters. E.Drastic change in the nature or speed of a hazardous material release while firefighters are operating in the IDLH.
F.Any change or collapse that impedes the ability of firefighters to make a quick egress.
G. Firefighter judgment.


is used to indicate that a serious injury has occurred that is not immediately life threatening, or to inform members on the fire ground of a serious change in conditions

EMERGENCY TRAFFIC – The “Emergency Traffic” transmission