Restrictive Lung Disease PP 30 on Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Restrictive Lung Disease PP 30 on Deck (62)
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1

Fracture leads to impairment of negative intrapleural pressure generation

Flail chest

2

Lung _______injury includes
Pulmonary contusion
Decreased lung compliance
Respiratory failure
in_________

parenchymal; flail chest

3

Interstitial and alveolar hemorrhage

Flail chest

4

Trauma
Paradoxical motion of chest wall

Flail chest

5

SOB, cyanosis
Pain on inspiration

Flail chest

6

Hypotension
Hypoxemia, low arterial PO2

Flail chest

7

Pneumothorax, hemothorax, subcutaneous emphysema are common

Flail chest

8

Managed with mechanical ventilation

Flail chest

9

Continuous epidural anesthesia helps to manage ____

flail chest

10

Inflammatory reaction in the alveoli and interstitium caused by an infectious agent

Pneumonia

11

Aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions composed of normal bacterial flora or gastric contents (25% to 35%)
causes _______

Pneumonia

12

Inhalation of contaminants
Contamination from the systemic circulation
causes ________

Pneumonia

13

Name 5 classifications of Pneumonia

hospital/community acquired, viral/bacterial, atypical

14

Hospitalized patients
Hypoxic patients
Immune-compromised patients
at high risk for ________

Pneumonia

15

Those with adiminished gag reflex
elderly
Seriously ill
at high risk for _________

Pneumonia

16

In Pneumonia__________ present as a lung abscess, necrotizing pneumonia, or empyema; usually caused by aspiration of normal oral bacteria into the lung

Anaerobic bacteria

17

__________ is commonly seen in the summer and fall in young adults; common between the ages of 5 and 20

Mycoplasmal pneumonia

18

________ disease is when
Organism lives in H2O
Transmitted by portable H2O, condensers, cooling towers
This is a type of _______

Legionnaires; pneumonia

19

__________ disease
Fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, liver and kidney failure, pulmonary infiltrates
Treatment: macrolide antibiotic
This is a type of ______

Legionnaires; pneumonia

20

The following are types of ________ pneumonia

Pneumocystis jiroveci
Opportunistic fungal infection
Common in patients with cancer or HIV

Aspergillus
Opportunistic fungal infection
Released from walls of old buildings under reconstruction

opportunistic

21

Opportunistic fungal infection
Common in patients with cancer or HIV

Pneumocystis jiroveci

22

Opportunistic fungal infection
Released from walls of old buildings under reconstruction

Aspergillus

23

Acquired when normal pulmonary defense mechanisms are compromised
Organisms enter lung, multiply, and trigger pulmonary inflammation

Pneumonia

24

Inflammatory cells invade alveolar septa
Alveolar air spaces fill with exudative fluid

Pneumonia

25

_______pneumonia doesn’t produce exudative fluids

viral

26

Severity of disease and patient age cause variation in symptoms
Crackles (rales) and bronchial breath sounds over affected lung tissue
symptoms of ______

Pneumonia

27

Chills
Fever
Cough, purulent sputum
symptoms of ______

Pneumonia

28

__________ pneumonia includes
upper respiratory prodrome like....
Fever, nonproductive cough, hoarseness, coryza accompanied by wheezing/rales

viral

29

_______ pneumonia includes
Cough, tachypnea, rales, wheezes, and no fever

Chlamydia

30

Fever
Cough
Headache
Malaise
are symptoms of ________, a type of _______

Mycoplasma; Pneumonia