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Flashcards in COPD PP 1-20 Deck (59)
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1

3 classifications of obstructive pulmonary disorders (3)

1) In wall of lumen
2) Increasing pressure around the outside of the airway lumen
3) Airway lumen

2

Airway obstruction that is reversible (not completely in some patients)

Asthma

3

Airway inflammation
Increased airway responsiveness to a variety of stimuli

Asthma

4

Most common chronic disease of children

Asthma

5

Immunohistopathologic features of asthma include ______ and mast cell activation

edema

6

Inflammatory cell infiltration by _______, ______, and lymphocytes in asthma

neutrophils; eosinophils

7

Inflammation of the airway in asthma includes acute ________

bronchospasm

8

Mucosal edema, mucous plug formation in ______

asthma

9

In asthma there is ______ remodeling: thickening of basement membrane

airway wall

10

Wheezing manifestation of ______

asthma

11

Tightness of chest manifestation of ______

asthma

12

Dyspnea manifestation of______

asthma

13

Cough (dry or productive) manifestation of ______

asthma

14

Increased sputum production (thick, tenacious, scant, and viscid) in ______

asthma

15

Hyperinflated chest manifestation of _______

asthma

16

Decreased breath sounds manifestation of _____

asthma

17

Clinical manifestations of severe asthma attack include Use of accessory muscles of respiration
_______ retractions

intercostal

18

Clinical manifestations of severe asthma attack include distant breath sounds with ________ wheezing

inspiratory

19

Clinical manifestations of severe asthma attack include _____ and ______

orthopnea; agitation

20

Clinical manifestations of severe asthma attack include tachypnea, which is > ______bpm, and tachycardia >______bpm,

30; 120

21

Clinical manifestations of severe asthma attack include ______ paradoxus

pulsus

22

________ is NOT a good indication of airflow in severe asthma attack

wheezing

23

PEFR < ______L/min in severe asthma attack

80

24

You can diagnose asthma through radiographic finding, which includes ______ with flattening of the _____-

hyperinflation; diaphragm

25

You can diagnose asthma through _______ examination

sputum

26

Charcot-Leyden crystals
Eosinophils
Curschmann spirals are types of ______ examination in _____

sputum; asthma

27

You can diagnose asthma through ______ function tests

pulmonary

28

Forced expiratory volumes ______ while diagnosing asthma

decrease

29

Determines index of airway function when diagnosing asthma

Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)

30

Ratio of FEV1/FVC before and after administration of short-acting bronchodilator

Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR)