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Flashcards in PP1 - Exam 3 Deck (21)
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1

Focus

one’s ability to attend

2

4 Components of Concentration

Selective attention – focusing on relevant environmental cues

Maintaining attentional focus over time

Situational awareness

Ability to shift attentional focus when necessary

3

Selective attention

focusing on relevant environmental cues

Irrelevant cues must fade into background
Past and future are irrelevant
Distraction control

4

Maintaining Attentional Focus

one’s ability to attend

Impacting factors:
Focusing ability
-Learned skill!
Duration of focus
-How long is it?
Type of performance setting
-Where are the breaks? What is the pace of the environment?

5

Refocusing

It’s not about losing focus, it’s about how quickly you refocus

Know when to focus in and when to let go

Maintain controlled intensity

Focal point

6

Situational Awareness

one’s ability to understand environmental and performance cues (i.e., what is going on around you?)

Performers who are in the right spot at the right time

7

Shifting Attentional Focus

Selecting appropriate focus of attention

Broad v. narrow
Internal v. external

8

Broad External

Awareness
Assess Environment

9

External Narrow

Execution
React
Follow Through

10

Internal Broad

Analyze
Planning
Decisions

11

Narrow Internal

Imagery
Rehearsal
Focus

12

Attentional Processes

Attentional selectivity
Attentional capacity
Attentional alertness

13

Attentional selectivity

ability to control which type of focus to apply and where

Ex: “searchlight” analogy

14

Attentional capacity

capacity is limited, but elite performers require less attention for automated tasks

15

Attentional alertness

increased arousal narrows attention

16

Attentional Problems

Internal distracters
Choking
External distracters

17

Internal distracters

thoughts, worries, and concerns that cause inappropriate focus of attention

Past events
Future events
Overanalyzing body mechanics
-“Paralysis by analysis”
Fatigue
Inadequate motivation

18

Choking

process by which pressure of competition creates internal sources of distraction, impairing performance

-Pressure causes muscles to tighten (overarousal)
-Focus shifts to overarousal and/or worries and fears (narrow internal)
-Increased pressure reduces ability to shift attentional focus
-Relevant cues missed
-Performance suffers

19

External distracters

stimuli from the environment that divert attention from relevant cues

Visual distracters
Auditory distracters

20

Improving Focus and Concentration

Simulation training
Self-talk
Cue words and phrases
Routines
Competition plans
Nonjudgmental thinking
Centering
Eye control
Automate skill
Parking/Tabling it
Distraction training
Meditation

21

6 R's to Refocusing

Respond
Recognize
Release
Regroup
Refocus
Ready