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Flashcards in PP3 - Exam 3 Deck (11)
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1

Relationship Between Stress and Injury

Injuries are primarily caused by physical factors, but psychological factors have an impact


2

Athletes with higher levels of stress experience more injuries and illness

-Stress-prone personality types have higher injury rates
-Low social support and coping skills increases injury rates
-Major stressors and little hassles
-Stress management interventions decrease risk of injury

3

Why Does Stress Impact Injury Risk?

Stress causes attentional disruption
-State anxiety narrows attention
-State anxiety increases internal distractors

Stress increases muscle tension, motor coordination problems, and reduces flexibility

Hardcore attitudes encourage injuries
-“No pain, no gain” fails to teach athletes the difference between “good pain” and “bad pain”
-“More is better” and “Give 110%” may lead to burnout and overuse injuries

Pattern of replacing “worthless” injured players

4

Psychological Reactions to Injury

Grief response (denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance)

3 general response categories:
Injury-relevant information processing
-Asking questions, seeking understanding

Emotional upheaval and reactive behavior
-Isolated, frustrated, anxious, depressed, denial, self-pity

Positive outlook and coping
-Acceptance, optimistic, proactive attitude

5

Psychology of Injury Recovery

PST positively influences recovery, mood during recovery, coping, and confidence
-Positive self-talk
-Goal-setting
-Relaxation and imagery
-Healing imagery

Foster social support

Cope with setbacks

Systematic desensitization of fears

Focus on quality and mental skills training

6

Psychology of Pain

Healing imagery
Drawing the pain
Viewing the pain as outside of you
Make the pain worse

7

Transitions

Transitions occur at all stages of life:
Changing schools
Aging up in sport
Specializing in sport (giving up other pursuits)
Finishing a season or sport career
Graduating
Changing jobs
Empty nest syndrome

Change is a part of life

8

Athletic Transitions

Youth to high school
High school to college
College to professional
Athletic retirement
Choice
Injury
Time
Ability

9

Specialization and Identity

Early sport specialization is more prevalent

Implications for identity formation
-Narrow identity
-Foreclosed identity

You are many different things
-Sport is just one part of what you do

10

Factors that Influence Transition Process

-Anticipatory socialization
-Identity and self-esteem
-Personal management skills
-Social support systems
-Voluntary v. Involuntary transition

11

Easing the Transition

Recognizing skills acquired
-Tenacity, organization, adaptability, dedication and perseverance, patience, self-motivation, ability to perform under pressure, goal setting and management

Maintaining balance in life
Approach other areas of life the way you approached sport