Flashcards in Lecture 5: Alex the Great, Euclid, Archimedes Deck (5)
Alexander the Great's background?
->father, Philip I of Macedon, was King
->tutored by Aristotle until 16, when he became general
->very big deal, because Aristotle "knows everything"
Ascends after guards assassinate father (King Philip)
->People thought they could break away
Alex invades Greece proper
->Peloponnesian peninsula submits
->Conquers from Greece & Balkans to India's border
End result is Greek culture is in and draws from a vast swathe of land.
Effects of Alex's Imperialistic Invasion?
1) Destabilises Athens as centre of power
->Just another city state
->no longer where all phils talked
->pulls on all regions theories
2) Brings Greek philosophy to many people
->e.g. Egypt became like Greece
->starts physical modelling
3) Shows Empire building is possible
->Will influence the Romans
One of many Alex moulded to his image
->most renamed later on
The one we care about is in Egypt
->was a "University town", there for learning
->many temples and schools to the muses
->supported by patronage (donations)
->freedom to study
Euclid, background and contributions?
From Alexandria (~4th BC - 3rd BC), lots of geometry.
THE FATHER OF MATH
-> gives the rigorous mathematical proof
->based on AXIOMS
Axioms: Statements that are true without proof
->everyone understands and assumes true
Gave 5 Axioms:
->Straight line seg can join any 2 pts
->straight line can be extended infinitely
->straight line -> circle with length = radius
->right angle congruence