Lecture 6: Rome Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 6: Rome Deck (11)
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1

Formation?

Twins, Romulus kills Remus. Baptised in blood and betrayal!

2

Describe the civilisation?

Xenophobic. Multicultural, but still distrustful.

Great engineering, technology. Both warfare and city planning.

Law and order, strict rule. Crucified thousands in a day, but cruelty is worth the cost of order.
->law system influences ours!

Grew to be largest, most advanced of its time
->Mediterranean sea was their lake

3

Roman Engineering?

Main uses for:
1) City building
2) administration
3) warfare

They loved gadgets and trinkets.

4

Hero of Alexandria?

-Unlike Archimetes, made trinkets, no war.
->vending machine, for water
->steam machine, though entertainment not for power
-lived in Roman Alexandria
-Pneumatics, Hydraulics
-FIRST EXPERIMENTER
->ancient atoms
->air can be compressed (SO VOID SPACE BETWEEN)
-> heat expands

5

Roman Water?

They loved it, but only Sprint Water.
->even if 30+ miles away
->every city had water, aquaduct system
->public washrooms, baths
->they knew about water wheel, but slaves instead...

Distribution:
->water arrives at large distribution centre
->lead pipes straight to house
->pay for your pipe size

6

Roads

Built wherever they went for army
->straight line

7

Natural Philosophy in Rome?

Just popularized Greek translations
->entertainment, not way of life like Plato
->mostly summaries
->encyclopedias, Pliny's "Historia Naturalis"

NS was entertainment, status, cool story bro
->have time to read
->discuss with friends

8

Fall of Rome, N. P. ?

By fall, few originals left
->split into Latin West and Greek East
->people not bilingual
->Latin West likely turned greek works to palimpsests,
->no Greek originals in Europe

Then the Dark ages, no influence from Greece
->though there was actually work being done...

9

Post-Roman Latin West & Religion?

Roads allow multiculture, idea spreading

Christianity?
->heresy, worships man who defied them
->Constantine made it official
COMMIT TO MONOTHEISM

Religious commitment to Abrahamic Religion accelerated literature, science

10

Saint Benedict of Nursia

-Deeply devoted Christian
->lived in caves
-people saw dedication, wanted to follow
-FATHER OF CHRISTIAN MONASTICISM
->wrote "Regular
->i.e. way to devote self to God
->how to live life, most monestaries follow him

Wrote THE REGULARIS
->how to be spiritual
->how to admistrate a monestary

ORA ET LABORA - PRAY AND WORK
->8 hours pray, work, sleep
->work includes charity and READING
->creates new level of culture in the Middle Ages

11

Central ideas to the Latin West?

Studius Ethos?
->how to mesh natural world & NP?
->is pagan knowledge... knowledge?
->find truth even if it hurts
->heartfelt dedication to the truth

Monotheism = order, Logos