Intro Flashcards Preview

Community Health Midterm > Intro > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro Deck (18)
Loading flashcards...

what is community health nursing?

  • Population Focused
  • Broad field that allows nurses to practice in a wide variety of settings


public health practice

  • Plays a key role in influencing the health of the population


what is the focus of public health?

health promotion


what are the disciplines of public health?

  • Scientific discipline
  • Epidemiology
  • Statistics
  • Assessment
  • Health Promotion
  • Disease Prevention


what are the 3 public health core functions?

  • assessment
  • policy development
  • assurance


explain assessment as a core function of public health

  • refers to systematic data collection of the population, monitoring of the population's health status, and making information available on the health of the community


explain policy development as a core function of public health

  • Refers to the need to provide leadership in developing policies that support the health of the population, including the use of the scientific knowledge base in making decisions about policy


explain the 2 parts of assurance as a core function of public health

  • make sure resources are available
    • ​Refers to the role of public health in making sure that essential community oriented health services are available, which may include providing essential personal health services for those who would otherwise not receive them.
  • make sure personnel are available
    • ​refers to making sure that a competent public health and personal health care workforce is available.


explain the 3 levels of prevention

  • level 1: primary prevention:
    • prevention of problems before they occur
    • ie. immunization
  • level 2: secondary prevention-->SCREENING
    • early detection and intervention
    • ie. screening for STIs
  • level 3: tertiary prevention
    • correction and prevention of deterioration of a dz state
    • ie. teaching insulin admin at home


determinants of health

  • factors that influence the client's health
  • include:
    • nutrition
    • social status
    • stress
    • education
    • environment
    • finances


what are essential services of public health?

  • monitor health status to identify community health problems
  • diagnose and investigate health problems and hazards in the community
  • inform, educate, and empower ppl about health issues
  • mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems
  • develop policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts
  • enforce laws/regulations that protect health and ensure safety
  • link ppl to needed personal health services and ensure the provision of healthcare that is otherwise unavailable
  • ensure a competent public health and personal health care workforce
  • Evaluate effectiveness, accessibility and quality of personal and population based health services

  • research for new insights and innovate solns to health problems


what distinguishes public health nursing from other areas?

the focus on populations


what is healthy people?

  • A National agenda that communicates a vision for improving health and achieving health equity.
  • A set of specific, measurable objectives with targets to be achieved over the decade.
  • These objectives are organized within distinct topic areas.


key features of healthy people

  • 1. Creates a comprehensive, strategic framework that unites health promotion and disease prevention issues under a single umbrella.
  • 2. Requires tracking of data-driven outcomes to monitor progress and to motivate, guide, and focus action.
  • 3. Engages a network of multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral stakeholders at all levels.
  • 4. Guides national research, program planning, and policy efforts to promote health and prevent disease.
  • 5. Establishes accountability requiring all HHS grants to demonstrate support of Healthy People objectives.


how stakeholders use healthy people

  • Data tool for measuring program performance
  • Framework for program planning & development
  • Goal setting and agenda building
  • Teaching public health courses
  • Benchmarks to compare national, state and local data and health among populations


Lillian Wald

first public health nurse in the US


Mary Breckinridge

  • founder of nurse midwifery
  • founder of Frontier Nursing Service which supplied healthcare to the rural areas of the Appalachian Mountains and Eastern KY


The Declaration of Alma Ata

  • called for health for all by the year 2000 was named after the city where the declaration was written during an international conference