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Community Health Midterm > Health Literacy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health Literacy Deck (15)
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1

define "health literacy"

  • degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, communicate, process, and understand the basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions

2

what types of skills are needed for health literacy?

what are those skills needed for?

  • health literacy encompasses the wide range of skills and competencies that ppl develop over their lifetimes in order to:
    • seek out
    • comprehend
    • evaluate
    • use health information and concepts
  • each of the above are needed for the following:
    • to make informed choices
    • reduce health risks
    • inc quality of life

3

what are health literacy skills used?

  • dialogue and discussion
  • reading health info
  • interpreting charts
  • making decisions about participating in research studies
  • using medical tools for personal or family health care
    • ie. using a peak flow meter, or reading a thermometer or calculating time/dosage of medicine, or voting on healt/environmental issues

4

functional literacy

  • reading and writing skills that are inadequate to manage daily living and employment talks that require reading skills
  • examples:
    • reading road signs
    • reading food labels
    • takinga driver's license exam
    • filling out job apps
    • reading instructions on the job
  • may not be able to read and understand technical, scientific, or medical info
  • may especially have trouble interpreting info and how it applies to their own situation

5

scientific literacy

  • ability to understand how science research works and interpret the results of research

6

civic literacy

  • helps citizens become aware of public issues, participate in discussions about these issues, and become involved in decision making processes related to these issues

7

cultural literacy

  • ability to recognize, understand and use the collective beliefs, customs, world-view, and social identity of diverse individuals to interpret and act on information
  • in order for any message to be effective, the person developing the message should understand the culture of the recipient and make the message culturally sensitive

8

3 domains of health literacy

  • clinical domain
  • prevention domain
  • navigation of the health care system domain

9

the clinical domain of health literacy

  • includes activities assoc w/:
    • health care provider-patient interaction
    • clinical encounters
    • dx and tx of illness
    • medication education

10

prevention domain of health literacy

  • includes activities assoc with:
    • maintaining and improving health
    • preventing dz
    • intervening early in emerging health problems
    • engaging in self care and self mgmt of illness

11

navigation of health care system domain of health literacy

  • encompasses those activities related to understanding how the health care system works and individual rights and responsibilities

12

low health literacy (LHL)

  • can be found at all levels of society, but often a hidden problem
    • ppl don't want to reveal their limited literacy skills
    • develop strategies to cope and protect themselves from being judged as incompetent
  • LHL remains a barrier to reducing gaps in healthcare quality and improving outcomes
  • find it difficult to understand directions for taking meds, to calculate doses, or comprehend a consent form
  • may contributeto suboptimal care and outcomes thru lower participation in health program
  • may result in reduced ability to act on and understand the advice of health professional

13

risks assoc with LHL

  • more likely to be hospitalized
  • more likely to use emergency rooms
  • more likely to have meds and tx errors
  • less likely to follow thru with tx
  • less likely to obtain preventative care

14

literacy and self esteem

  • literacy is taken for granted in many aspects of our society
  • b/c of the stigma of illiteracy, ppl may be ashamed to admit they cannot read
  • as a result, ppl w/ LHL may find it difficult to feel part of their community

15

overall impact of health literacy

  • health literacy is the ability to make good health decisions every day
    • pts must be able to:
      • read and evaluate complex health info
      • weigh risks/benefits of procedures
      • comprehend doctor's orders
      • use math to calculate dosages
      • interpret test results
      • find health info