Flashcards in Ideology And Science Deck (51)
Why does society have faith in science?
Why has society's faith in society started to fail?
Briefly explain what is meant by the 'cognitive power' of science.
According to Popper, in what way is science an open belief system?
Briefly explain what is meant by 'the principle of falsificationism'.
What is meant by science being culmulative?
According to Popper, what prevents scientific knowledge from being sacred or absolute truth?
According to Merton, who first supported scientific thinking?
Briefly outline the 'CUDOS' norms that Merton states makes scientists act in ways that serve the goal of increasing scientific knowledge.
- Organised Scepticism
What makes religion a closed belief system?
What prevents a closed belief system from being disproved?
Use an example to illustrate how the Azande explain misfortune.
How do the Azande deal with a suspected witch?
According to Evans-Pritchard, what three functions does the Azande belief system perform?
What prevents the Azande from questioning the belief system?
Briefly explain each of the three devices for sustaining belief systems that Polanyi identifies.
- Subsidiary explanations
- Denial of legitimacy to rivals
According to Polanyi, in what way is science a closed belief system?
Explain what Kuhn means by a paradigm.
According to Kuhn, what is normal science?
What happens to those scientists who challenge the paradigm?
According to Kuhn, when does a scientific revolution take place?
Briefly explain what interpretivists mean by 'social construction'.
According to Knorr-Cetina, how is sicence able to 'fabricate' new facts and how does she view the laboratory setting?
How does the example of 'little green men' illustrate the fact that scientists are engaged in the process of interpreting the world?
Briefly explain how each of these perspectives views science:
What are the four negative aspects of the meaning of the term ideology in sociology?
Why is it inworkers' interests to overthrow capitalism?
What is meant by class consciousness?