Control, Punishment and Victims Flashcards Preview

A2 Sociology > Control, Punishment and Victims > Flashcards

Flashcards in Control, Punishment and Victims Deck (76)
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1

According to Clarke, what is situational crime prevention (SCP)?

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2

Briefly outline the three features of SCP.

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3

Briefly outline three methods of target hardening.

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4

Briefly explain what is meant by rational choice theory.

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5

According to Clarke, why should crime prevention focus on the immediate crime situation?

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6

Using Felson's example of Port Authority Bus Terminal, explain how it is possible to 'design out crime'.

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7

Briefly outline what is meant by displacement.

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8

Briefly outline the five types of displacement.

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9

Briefly outline four criticisms of SCP.

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10

What do Wilson and Kelling mean by 'broken windows'?

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11

According to Wilson and Kelling, how has formal social control broken down in neighbourhoods with crime?

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12

According to Wilson and Kelling, how has informal social control broken down in neighbourhoods with crime?

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13

What is the result of the breakdown of control in neighbourhoods?

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14

Briefly explain Wilson and Kelling's solutions to crime.

- Environmental improvement strategy:

- Zero tolerance policing strategy:

15

Use an example to illustrate the success of zero tolerance policing.

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16

Briefly outline five factors that may have contributed to the improvements in the crime rate in New York.

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17

What is the emphasis of social and community prevention strategies?

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18

Briefly explain the outcomes of the Perry pre-school project.

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19

Define surveillance

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20

How is surveillance carried out in late modern society?

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21

Briefly explain the meaning of sovereign power.

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22

Briefly explain the meaning of disciplinary power.

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23

According to Foucault, why has disciplinary power replaced sovereign power in Western societies?

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24

Briefly explain the Panopticon and how it leads to self-surveillance.

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25

According to Foucault, what is the difference in outcomes between disciplinary power and sovereign power?

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26

List the institutions that subject individuals to disciplinary power, apart from prisons.

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27

Briefly explain two criticisms of Foucault.

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28

According to Norris, why is the effectiveness of CCTV cameras limited?

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29

According to Gill and Loveday, what function do CCTV cameras perform?

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30

According to Mathiesen, how do the media enable surveillance?

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