Globalisation, Modernity and Postmodernity Flashcards Preview

A2 Sociology > Globalisation, Modernity and Postmodernity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Globalisation, Modernity and Postmodernity Deck (59)
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1

Briefly outline what is meant by modernist theories.

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2

Briefly outline the following characteristics of modern society:
- The nation-state
- Capitalism

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3

Briefly outline the following characteristics of modern society:
- Rationality, science and technology
- Individualism

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4

Define globalisation.

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5

Briefly outline how the following changes have helped to bring about globalisation:
- Technological changes
- Economic changes

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6

Briefly outline how the following changes have helped to bring about globalisation:
- Political changes
- Changes in culture and identity

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7

Briefly outline the features of postmodernity.

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8

In postmodern society, how do we define ourselves?

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9

According to postmodernists, what is anti-foundationalism?

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10

Briefly outline the two consequences of anti-foundationalism.

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11

Give an example to show why postmodernist reject meta-narratives such as Marxism.

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12

Briefly explain what is meant by a relativist position.

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13

According to Lyotard, what form does knowledge take in postmodern society?

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14

According to Baudrillard, what is postmodern society based on?

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15

Briefly explain what Baudrillard means by simulacra. Give an example.

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16

Briefly explain what Baudrillard means by hyper-reality.

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17

Briefly explain why Baudrillard is critical of television.

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18

According to postmodernists, why has culture become fragmented and unstable?

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19

In postmodern society, why do people lose faith in meta-narratives?

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20

According to postmodernists, why is it easy to change our identity in postmodern society?

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21

According to Baudrillard, why have we lost the power to improve society?

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22

Briefly outline Philo and Miller's four criticisms of postmodernism.

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23

Briefly explain why Lyotard's theory is self-defeating.

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24

According to Best and Kellner, why is postmodern society a weak theory?

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25

Briefly outline Harvey's reasons for rejecting the pessimism of postmodernism.

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26

What does Foucault mean by a discource?

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27

Using an example, explain how discourses can be a form of domination.

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28

Briefly explain how the idea of discourses suggests that truth is relative.

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29

According to Foucault, why can there be no progress?

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30

Briefly outline how theories of late modernity differ from postmodernism.

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