Organisations, Movements And Members Flashcards Preview

A2 Sociology > Organisations, Movements And Members > Flashcards

Flashcards in Organisations, Movements And Members Deck (61)
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1

According to Troeltsch, what is a church?

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2

According to Troelsch, what is a sect?

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3

According to Niebuhr, what is a denomination and how does it differ from both a church and a sect?

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4

What is a sect?

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5

What are the characteristics of leaders of cults?

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6

How are churches and sects similar in the way they see themselves?

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7

How does wider society see churches and denominations?

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8

How does wider society see sects and cults?

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9

According to Bruce, why do some of the definitions of religious organisations not fit today's reality?

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10

Briefly explain and give examples of Wallis' three categories of NRMs:
- World-rejecting
- World-accommodating
- World-affirming

World-rejecting:
World-accommodation
World-affirming

11

Give three criticisms of Wallis' classification.

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12

Briefly explain Stark and Bainbridge's two kinds of organisation:
- Sects
- Cults

Sects:
Cults:

13

According to Stark and Bainbridge, what benefits do sects offer their followers?

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14

According to Stark and Bainbridge, what benefits do cults offer their followers?

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15

Briefly explain and give examples of Stark and Bainbridge's three types of cults.

- Audience cults
- Client cults
- Cultic movements

16

Why are marginal groups in society more likely to join sects?

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17

Explain what Weber means by a 'theodicy of disprivilege'.

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18

According to Wallis, why do some well-educated, young, middle-class whites join sects?

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19

Define relative deprivation.

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20

Why might middle-class people feel spiritually deprived?

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21

According to Stark and Bainbridge, why do world-rejecting sects appeal to the deprived?

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22

According to Stark and Bainbridge, why are the privileged more likely to join world-accepting churches?

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23

According to Wilson, why do sects emerge in periods of rapid social change? Give an example.

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24

According to Bruce, why do people join sects in response to secularisation?

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25

Briefly explain the reasons for the growth in world rejecting NRMs.

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26

Briefly explain the reasons for the growth in world-affirming NRMs.

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27

Define schism.

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28

Briefly explain Neibuhr's three reasons for sects being short lived.

The second generation:
The 'Protestant ethic' effect:
Death of the leader:

29

According to Wilson, what patterns do conversionist sects follow?

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30

According to Wilson, what patterns do Adventist sects follow?

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