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Flashcards in Religion In A Global Context Deck (39)
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1

Why does fundamentalism arise?

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2

What challenges might there be to traditional beliefs and values in the modern world?

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3

Briefly explain the following features of fundamentalism:
- An authoritative sacred text
- An 'us and them' mentality

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4

Briefly explain the following features of fundamentalism:
- Aggressive reaction
- Use of modern technology

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5

Briefly explain the following features of fundamentalism:
- Patriarchy
- Prophecy

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6

Briefly explain the following feature of fundamentalism:
- Conspiracy theories

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7

According to Davie, why are fundamentalists the product of modernity?

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8

According to Giddens, why does late modern society encourage fundamentalism?

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9

Define cosmopolitanism..

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10

What do cosmopolitan religions and spirituality emphasise?

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11

According to Bauman, why does postmodern society lead some people to fundamentalism?

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12

Briefly explain the two responses to postmodernity that Castells identifies.

- Resistance identity:
- Project identity:

13

Briefly outline four criticisms of Giddens, Bauman and Castells.

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14

Define monotheism.

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15

According to Bruce, why is fundamentalism confined to monotheistic religions?

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16

Briefly explain Bruce's 'two fundamentalisms'

- In the West:
- In the Third World:

17

What are Davie's two phases of modernity?

- The first phase: religious fundamentalism
- The second phase: secular fundamentalism

18

Briefly explain Davie's first phase of modernity and how it gives rise to different forms of fundamentalism.

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19

Briefly explain Davie's second phase of modernity and how it gives rise to different forms of fundamentalism.

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20

Why does Davie claim that secular ideologies are struggling for survival?

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21

Using an example, briefly explain secular fundamentalism.

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22

Why might some types of secular fundamentalism be seen as a form of cultural racism?

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23

List Huntington's seven civilisations.

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24

How has globalisation led to increased conflict between religions?

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25

According to Huntington, why are religious conflicts harder to resolve than political ones?

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26

Briefly outline four criticisms of Huntington's clash of civilisations theory.

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27

According to Norris and Inglehart, what is the real clash of civilisations?

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28

Briefly explain what is meant by 'cultural defence.'

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29

Using the examples of Poland, explain how religion may be used to defend national identity.

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30

Using the examples of Iran, explain how religion may be used to defend national identity.

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