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Flashcards in Sociology and Science Deck (67)
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1

Briefly outline the Enlightnment thinkers' view of science.

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2

Why did early sociologists want to use the methods of science?

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3

According to positivists, what are the benefits of using the logic and methods of the natural sciences in studying society?

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4

What is the key feature of the positivist approach?

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5

According to positivists, in what way is society like the physical world?

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6

According to positivists, what is the job of science?

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7

Briefly explain what is meant by induction.

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8

Briefly explain the process of induction, development of a theory and formulation of a scientific law.

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9

Briefly explain what is meant by verificationism.

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10

Briefly explain how macro theories see society and its structures.

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11

Briefly explain why positivists use quantitative data.

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12

According to positivists, why should researchers be objective and detached?

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13

Give an example of how a sociological researcher might 'contaminate' their research.

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14

According to positivists, which methods are most likely to avoid 'contamination' of their research?

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15

What was Durkheim's aim in studying suicide?

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16

What does Durkheim mean by 'social facts'?

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17

According to Durkheim, which social facts are involved i determining the suicide rate? Give an example to illustrate your answer.

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18

According to interpretivists, why is sociology not a science?

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19

Briefly explain the difference between the subject matter of sociology and that of the natural sciences.

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20

According to Mead, how do people respond to stimuli? Use an example to illustrate this

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21

Define verstehen.

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22

Why do interpretivists favour the use of qualitative methods?

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23

Briefly outline the following type of interpretivism:
- Interactionists

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24

Briefly outline the following type of interpretivism:
- Phenomenologists and ethnomethologists

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25

According to Douglas, what determines how individuals choose to act?

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26

Why does Douglas reject the use of quantitative data in the study of suicide?

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27

According to Atkinson, what is the only aspect of suicide that can be studied?

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28

Briefly explain why postmodernists argue against the idea of scientific sociology.

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29

Why do postmodernists suggest the scientific approach may be dangerous?

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30

Briefly outline the poststructuralist feminist view of scientific sociology.

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