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Flashcards in history REVISE Deck (20)
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1

what is animism?

the belief that the natural world consists of demons/spirits

leading to belief that different behaviour was due to being 'possessed'

prevalent in early period (20 000 BC)

2

how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the early period?

seen : possessed

treated : exorcism
trepining (craniometry - hole punched in skull to release evil spirits)
ostracism

3

how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the Greek period?

seen : 3 categories (mania, melancholia and phrenitis)
somatogenesis and not punishment
imbalance of 4 humours

treated : given period of tranquility and not punished

4

how were people seen as different viewed in the late greek and roman period?

seen : psychogenesis as a cause

5

how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the dark ages and medieval period?

seen : return to thinking of possession

treated : 'lunacy trials' to confiscate property and confine
looked after by priests

6

how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the medieval period?

seen : women viewed as witches

treated : burnt or locked away

7

how were people seen as different viewed
in the renaissance and elizabethan period?

seen : psychogenesis and mind playing tricks on itself

8

how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the industrial revolution?

seen : animalism so dehumanised

treated : locked away in asylums
asylums became theatres

9

what is animalism?

de-humanising people that are different

10

how were people seen as different viewed and treated towards enlightenment?

seen : humanised

treated : Quaker retreats and moral treatment

11

how were people seen as different viewed and treated in the victorian era?

seen : eugenics movement

treated : social exclusion

12

19 - 20th century

scientific advances in medicine

BIOLOGICAL
1. attributed mental disorders to bodily malfunctions caused by infections or diseases

PSYCHOLOGICAL
2. attributed mental disorders to psychological malfunctions

SOCIO-BEHAVIOURAL
3. social learning e.g Watson showed how fear can be instilled suggesting can be unconditioned

GENETICS
4. attributing behavioural characteristics to heritability and differentiating between nature and nurture

13

treatment in 19-20th century

new radical interventions instead of just warehousing patients

insulin therapy
ECT
prefrontal lobotomy

14

towards current era

united nations declaration on human rights
still locked up in asylums

15

current era

attention to biological, psychological, socio-economic factors

16

what is demonology?

belief that evil being can live within a person and control their mind and body

17

what does Pinel's social vulnerability theory entail?

if reasoning had left someone due to social and personal problems
it may be restored through comfort

18

what is moral treatment and where did it come from?

the social vulnerability theory

abnormal people had people read and talk to them and help them engage in activity and encouraged to be independent

19

what was the Eugenic movement?

the use of Darwinian evolutionary theory to bolster racism as viewed as 'maladaptive'

20

who first differentiated between nature and nurture and when?

Galton
19th century