Flashcards in early treatment of mental disorders REVISE Deck (13)
what is hydrotherapy and what did it aim to do?
spraying person with water in attempt to stimulate the brain
what is a wet sheet pack?
wrapping the patients in wet towels in attempt to sedate
what is insulin therapy and what were the two 'shocks' that it caused?
injected with large doses of insulin to reduce blood sugar levels which would bring about a coma
dry shock - brain seizure
wet shock - sweating and drooling
brought out of seizure by inserting glucose into the body through a nasal tube into the body
who generally received insulin treatment?
and for how long?
patients with schizophrenia viewed as having enough physical strength to endure the arduous therapy
6 days a week for 2 months
theory behind insulin and other 'shock' or seizure therapies?
that they would be 'jolted' out of their mental illness if their brain was taken back to zero/rebooted
why may insulin treatments have appeared to be effective?
remission occured in those that were on course for remission anyway just made no difference
may have seemed better due to being more docile but actually due to brain damage caused by seizures
what harm can be caused by insulin and other shock therapies?
seizures increase chances of brain lesions and scar tissues and also may lead to spinal fractures due to thrashing about
what is the theoretical rationale behind early treatments of mental illness?
'jolting' brain out of mental illness
rebooting and restarting the brain to rid of mental illness
what is metrazol therapy?
injecting metrazol which induces comas and convulsions
what does lobotomy involve?
cuts connections in the prefrontal lobe of the brain to and from the anterior part of the frontal lobes
what is ECT?
small electrical currents passed through the brain (under anesthetic) to trigger brief seizures
appears to lead to changes brain chemistry which can relieve some symptoms of mental illnesses
what are some of the ethical issues regarding early treatments of mental illnesses?
driven and justified by teh Eugenics movement
other therapies were around that would have been safer e.g behavioural therapy