personality disorders REVISE Flashcards Preview

Clinical Psychology > personality disorders REVISE > Flashcards

Flashcards in personality disorders REVISE Deck (66)
Loading flashcards...
1

what axis of DSM V do personality disorders come under?

axis 2

2

characteristics of all personality disorders?

persitent not episodic

problems in relationships and social functioning

inflexible perception of the outside world and self which deviates from cultural exceptions

violence towards themselves (towards others in antisocial PD)

3

psychiatry compared to psychology

psychiatry - all about diagnostic categories
psychology - work on basis of formulations not diagnosis

4

statistics of GP visits of those with a PD?

stats for A&E?

visits 5x as often as a regular person
24% of GP visits are by those with a PD

9% of A&E visits

5

example of when a PD isn't persistent?

Zannarini found that 93% of those diagnosed with borderline PD no longer met criteria 16 years later (remission) due to personality maturation

however, all still experiencing psychological difficulties such as impairment of social functioning so not completely cured

6

definition of remission?

a temporary reduction of disease severity or pain

7

stat of how many world wide given diagnosis of PD?

1 in 16 people

8

morbidity stats related to those with PD?

one of the highest suicide rates of any mental health disorder (8-10%)

death also due to health issues relating to disorder e.g substance abuse

men with PD die 18 years earlier
women with PD die 19 years earlier

9

what makes PDs much more difficult to treat?

when it is paired with another mental disorder in an individual

10

what percent of those in mental health clinics have a PD?

over 30%

11

what percentage of the prison population has a PD?

over 70%

12

difference between axis 1 and axis 2?

axis 1 more episodic psychiatric disorders

axis 2 PDs and other persistent psychiatric disorders

13

how many with BPD have a depressive disorder?

40%

14

what does depression + personality disorder increase likelihood of?

the PD part increases likelihood of chronicity (long duration) of depression

15

what percentage of those with bipolar disorder have a PD?

13%

16

what disorder is almost ubiquitous (simultaneous) with PD?

anxiety

17

what percent of drug users have a PD?

37%

18

what percent of alcohol misusers have a PD?

53.2%

19

how many have an eating disorder alongside their PD?

80%

20

which forms of PDs are in cluster A?

paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal

21

which forms of PD are in cluster B?

antisocial, borderline, histrionic, narcissistic

22

which forms of PD are in cluster C?

avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive

23

what are the criticisms of taking a categorical approach to diagnosising PD?

PDs generally fulfill the criteria for more than one form of the disorder
personality not naturally idvided into these categories

24

characteristics of cluster A?

paranoid and withdrawn so little contact with services

25

characteristics of Paranoid PD?

see others as critical and attacking of them
so react in a violent manner towards others

26

characteristics of Schizoid PD?

withdrawn and not engage in social contexts

27

characteristics of schizotypal PD?

causes?

odd and excentric ideas and behaviour (milde symptoms of schizophrenia)

61% heritability and at risk if 1st degree relative has schizophrenia

28

characteristics of APD?

causes?

disregard for rights of others
tendency towards agressive behaviour towards others

3/4 of criminals meet criteria

genetics, exposure to violence and poverty

29

characteristics of BPD?

comorbidity?

suicide rates?

causes?

instability and impulsivity in interpersonal relationships and mood
bouts of being psychotic and hearing voices as lack of realitiy understanding

highest rates of suicide behaviour and 2/3s engage in self mutilation (high contact with services and accident emergency)

high comorbidity with mood disorders and ptsd

genetics (35% concordance with MZs and only 7% in DZs) and childhood abuse

30

characteristics of histrionic PD?

dramatic presentations
often with conversion disorders (physical symptoms presenting with psychological basis e.g paralysis of arm but not functional problem as psychological problem)