Chapter 9-10 Flashcards Preview

Counseling Psychology > Chapter 9-10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 9-10 Deck (54)
Loading flashcards...
1

A-B-C- Model

Theory that individuals' problems stem not from activating events but from their beliefs about such events.

2

Catastrophizing

Exaggerating the potential or real consequences of an event and becoming fearful of the consequences.

3

Discomfort Anxiety

When individuals' comfort level is threatened and they feel they must get what they want (low frustration tolerance). There is a belief that if individuals don't get or do what they want, the results will be awful or catastrophic.

4

Ego Anxiety

Individuals' sense of self-worth is threatened and they feel that they must perform well. There is a belief that if individuals don't get or do what they want, the results will be awful or catastrophic.

5

Hedonism

Philosophical term referring to the concept of seeking pleasure and avoiding pain.

6

Responsible Hedonism

Maintaining pleasure over the long term by avoiding short-term pleasures that may lead to pain, such as alcohol or cocaine.

7

Irrational Belief

Unreasonable views or convictions that produce emotional and behavioral problems.

8

Low Frustration Tolerance

Inability or difficulty in dealing with events or situations that do not go as planned.

9

Rationality

Thinking, feeling, and acting in ways that will help individuals attain their goals.

10

Shame-Attacking Exercises

Strategy to encourage people to do things despite a fear of feeling foolish. This way individuals can learn that they can function well, even though they may be seen as doing something silly or foolish.

11

Socratic Dialogue (Guided Discovery)

Series of questions designed to help the client arrive at logical answers to and conclusions about a certain hypothesis.

12

Unconditional Self-Acceptance

Individuals have worth.They should accept that they make mistakes and that some of their assets and qualities are stronger than others.

13

All or None Thinking

Black and white thinking, an either-or approach to life.

14

Mind Reading

Inferring what other's think, feel, or imagine.

15

Over-Generalization

Generalizing from a single event to an all-encompassing pattern.

16

Discounting

Rejecting positive experiences; common among perfectionists.

17

Magnification

Exaggerating the importance of problem/shortcoming.

18

Emotional Reasoning

Assuming that negative emotions reflect the way things necessarily are.

19

Self-Blame

Taking personal responsibility for things outside of your control.

20

Cognitive Disputation

Use persuasion and direct questioning.

21

Imaginal Disputation

Client imagines themselves in a situation that they fear.

22

Behavioral Disputation

Client alters their beliefs by behaving differently.

23

Countering

Clients argue against irrational belief by assertively stating their previously determined counter-argument.

24

Rational Self-Analysis

Client uses ABC model to dispute their own irrational beliefs.

25

Action Homework

Clients are encouraged to engage in behaviors that they may fear.

26

Active Schemas

Cognitive schemas occurring in everyday events.

27

Affective Shift

A shift in facial or bodily expressions of emotion or stress that indicates that a cognitive shift has just taken place, often a negative cognitive shift.

28

Assertiveness Training

To teach clients to effectively express positive and negative feelings to others so that they may achieve desired purposes.

29

Automatic Thoughts

Notions or ideas that occur without effort or choice, are usually distorted, and lead to emotional responses.

30

Challenging Absolutes

Statements that include words such as "everyone" or "never" are usually exaggerations, which therapists point out to the client.