Flashcards in Chapter 9-10 Deck (54)
Theory that individuals' problems stem not from activating events but from their beliefs about such events.
Exaggerating the potential or real consequences of an event and becoming fearful of the consequences.
When individuals' comfort level is threatened and they feel they must get what they want (low frustration tolerance). There is a belief that if individuals don't get or do what they want, the results will be awful or catastrophic.
Individuals' sense of self-worth is threatened and they feel that they must perform well. There is a belief that if individuals don't get or do what they want, the results will be awful or catastrophic.
Philosophical term referring to the concept of seeking pleasure and avoiding pain.
Maintaining pleasure over the long term by avoiding short-term pleasures that may lead to pain, such as alcohol or cocaine.
Unreasonable views or convictions that produce emotional and behavioral problems.
Low Frustration Tolerance
Inability or difficulty in dealing with events or situations that do not go as planned.
Thinking, feeling, and acting in ways that will help individuals attain their goals.
Strategy to encourage people to do things despite a fear of feeling foolish. This way individuals can learn that they can function well, even though they may be seen as doing something silly or foolish.
Socratic Dialogue (Guided Discovery)
Series of questions designed to help the client arrive at logical answers to and conclusions about a certain hypothesis.
Individuals have worth.They should accept that they make mistakes and that some of their assets and qualities are stronger than others.
All or None Thinking
Black and white thinking, an either-or approach to life.
Inferring what other's think, feel, or imagine.
Generalizing from a single event to an all-encompassing pattern.
Rejecting positive experiences; common among perfectionists.
Exaggerating the importance of problem/shortcoming.
Assuming that negative emotions reflect the way things necessarily are.
Taking personal responsibility for things outside of your control.
Use persuasion and direct questioning.
Client imagines themselves in a situation that they fear.
Client alters their beliefs by behaving differently.
Clients argue against irrational belief by assertively stating their previously determined counter-argument.
Client uses ABC model to dispute their own irrational beliefs.
Clients are encouraged to engage in behaviors that they may fear.
Cognitive schemas occurring in everyday events.
A shift in facial or bodily expressions of emotion or stress that indicates that a cognitive shift has just taken place, often a negative cognitive shift.
To teach clients to effectively express positive and negative feelings to others so that they may achieve desired purposes.
Notions or ideas that occur without effort or choice, are usually distorted, and lead to emotional responses.