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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (19)
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1

Organismic Sensing

Built-in or innate compass for better lifestyles.

2

Psychological Contact

Therapist not just being in the same room with the client but also bringing forth her abilities to attend to and be engaged by the client.

3

Counselor Centered Approaches

Therapist administers tests, asks questions, makes a diagnosis, suggests courses of action for so-called patients to follow.

4

Client Centered Approaches

"Client" is used to emphasize that control rests with the person seeking assistance, not in the counselor.

5

Phenomenology

Focuses on the subjective world of the individual. Their experiences, their emotions, their viewpoints are what is important.

6

Actualizing Tendency

Inherent tendency of the organism to develop all its capacities in ways which serve to maintain or enhance the organism.

7

Organismic Valuing Process

Inherent capacity to choose options, make decisions in a manner that will provide inner fulfillment.

8

Acceptance

Appreciating clients for who they are without valuing or judging them.

9

Conditional Positive Regard

Receiving praise, attention, or approval from others as a result of behaving in accordance with the expectations of others.

10

Conditionally or Conditions of Worth

Process of evaluating one's own experience based on values or beliefs that others hold.

11

Congruence

Harmony that takes place when there is no disagreement between individuals experiences and their views of themselves.

12

Eclecticism

Approach that combines theories or techniques from a wide variety of therapeutic approaches.

13

Empathy

To enter the world of another individual without being influenced by one's own views and values is to be empathic with the individual.

14

Encounter Group

Group designed to promote constructive insight, sensitivity to others, and personal growth among its members.

15

Fully Functioning Person

Person who meets his or her own need for positive regard rather than relying on the expectations of others.

16

Genuineness

Refers to being one's actual self with the client, not phony or affected.

17

Humanism

Philosophy or value system in which human interests and dignity are valued and that takes an individualist, critical, and secular, as opposed to a religious or spiritual, perspective.

18

Incongruence

Disharmony that takes place when there is a disagreement between individuals' experience and their view of themselves.

19

Unconditional Positive Regard

Accepting and appreciating clients as they are, regardless of whether the therapist agrees with the person.