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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (46)
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1

Theory

A group of logically organized laws or relationships that constitute explanation in a discipline.

2

Operational Definitions

Empirical definition that seeks to specify procedures that are used to measure a variable or to distinguish it from others.

3

Anorexia

A disorder in which individuals are unable to eat food, may have a severe decrease in appetite, and have an intense fear of becoming obese even when emaciated.

4

Body Psychotherapy (Body)

A means of integrating psychotherapy and attention to and manipulation of bodily processes.

5

Borderline Personality Disorder

Characteristics include unstable interpersonal relationships and rapid mood changes over a short period of time.

6

Bulimia

Binge eating and inappropriate methods of preventing weight gain, such as vomiting and laxatives.

7

Compulsions

An irresistible impulse to repeat behaviors continually.

8

Constructivism

Believing that individuals create their own views or constructs of events or relationships in their own lives.

9

Conversion Reaction

A disorder in which a psychological disturbance takes a physical form, such as when the arms or legs are paralyzed, and there is no physiological explanation.

10

Depression

An emotional state characterized by deep sadness, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and withdrawal from others.

11

Ego (Freud)

A means of mediating between one's instincts or drives and the external world.

12

Ego (Jung)

An expression of personality that includes thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of which we are conscious.

13

Evidence-Based Psychotherapy (EBP)

Therapies that have been tested to be effective are said to be evidence based.

14

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

One of a group of anxiety disorders, it is characterized by a persistent pervasive state of tension.

15

Grief (Interpersonal Therapy)

Although a normal process, grief can contribute to depression.

16

Hysteria

Disorder occurring when psychological disturbances take a physical form and there is not physiological explanation, such as an unexplained paralysis of the arms or legs.

17

Interpersonal Deficits (Interpersonal Therapy)

Social isolation or lack of social skills may cause loneliness and related problems.

18

Interpersonal Disputes (Interpersonal Therapy)

Ongoing struggles, disagreements, or arguments with others can contribute to depression. Disputes in family, school, work, etc.

19

Meta-Analysis

A method of statistically summarizing the results of a large number of studies.

20

Mirror Technique (Psychodrama)

A process in which the auxiliary tries to copy the postures, expressions, and words of the protagonist so that the protagonist can view the perceptions of his or her behavior, as held by another person.

21

Modernism

Modernists take a rationalist view, believing that there is scientific truth, which can be achieved through advances in technology and science.

22

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Pattern of self-importance; need for admiration from others and lack of empathy for others are common characteristics of individuals with this disorder.

23

Neurosis

Large group of disorders characterized by unrealistic anxiety, fears, or obsessions. Contrasted with more severe psychotic disorders.

24

Obsessions

Pervasive and uncontrollable recurring thoughts that interfere with day-to-day functioning.

25

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Persistent and uncontrollable thoughts or feelings in which individuals feel compelled to repeat behaviors again and again.

26

Phobia

Fear of a situation or object out of proportion to the danger of the situation or the threatening qualities of the object.

27

Postmodernism

A philosophical position that does not assume that there is a fixed truth, but rather that individuals have their own perception of reality or the truth.

28

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Extreme reactions to a highly stressful or traumatic event, such as being raped, robbed, or assaulted.

29

Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design

Comparing a group given on treatment with another group given a different treatment or no treatment, by testing individuals before and after therapy.

30

Psychodrama

A type of psychotherapy in which patterns achieve new insight and alter previously ineffective behaviors by enacting life situations. Therapist serves as a director and individuals play out their problems while other group or audience members take the role of important individuals in that person's life (auxiliaries).