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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (41)
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1

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

Behavioral techniques are combined with a focus on the client's use of language to eliminate distress. Accepting a feeling, event, or situation rather than avoiding it.

2

Attentional Processes

Act of perceiving or watching something and learning from it.

3

Classical Conditioning

Type of learning in which a neutral stimulus is presented repeatedly with one that reflexively elicits a particular response so the neutral stimulus eventually elicits the response itself.

4

Covert Behavior

Behaviors that others cannot directly perceive, such as thinking or feeling.

5

Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Designed for treatment of suicidal patients and those with borderline disorder. Mindfulness values and meditation techniques have been incorporated into this treatment.

6

Discrimination

Responding differently to stimuli that are similar based on different cues or antecedent events.

7

Exposure and Ritual Prevention

Treatment method use with obsessive-compulsive disorders in which patients are exposed to the feared stimulus for an hour or more at a time. They are then asked to refrain from participating in rituals.

8

Extinction

Process of no longer presenting a reinforcement. Used to decrease or eliminate behaviors.

9

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing

Used first for PTSD. Client repeats negative self-statements that he or she associated with the scene. Patient follows the therapist's finger as it moves rapidly back and forth. Procedure repeated until anxiety is reduced.

10

Flooding

Prolonger in vivo or imagined exposure to stimuli that evoke high levels of anxiety, with no ability to avoid or escape the stimuli.

11

Functional Analysis

Specifying goals and treatment by assessing antecedents and consequences of behavior. Analyze what is maintaining the behavior and propose hypotheses about contributors to the behavior. Used to guide treatment of the behavior and to further specify goals.

12

Generalization

Transferring the response to one type of stimuli to similar stimuli.

13

Implosive Therapy

Prolonged intense exposure therapy in which the client imagines exaggerated scenes that include hypothesized stimuli.

14

In Vivo

Latin for "In Life," referring to therapeutic procedures that take place in the client's natural environment.

15

Interrater Reliability

Degree of agreement between or among raters about their observations of an individual(s).

16

Modeling

Technique in which a client observes the behavior of another person and then uses the results of that observation.

17

Motivational Processes

For observations to be put into action and then continued for some time, reinforcement must be present. Reinforcement brings about motivation.

18

Motor Reproduction Processes

Refers to translating what one has seen into action using motor skills.

19

Observational Learning

Type of learning in which people are influenced by observing the behaviors of another.

20

Operant Conditioning

Type of learning in which behavior in increased or decreased by systematically changing its consequences.

21

Overt Behavior

Actions that can be directly observed by others.

22

Positive Reinforcement

Process by which the introduction of a stimulus has a consequence of a behavior that increases the likelihood that the behavior will be performed again.

23

Reactivity

Occurs when clients change their behaviors because they know that they are being observed.

24

Retention Process

Refers to remembering that which has been observed.

25

Self-Efficacy

Individuals' perceptions of their ability to deal with different types of events.

26

Self-Instructional Training

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy that teaches patients to instruct themselves verbally so that they may cope with difficult situations.

27

Shaping

Gradually reinforcing certain parts of a target behavior to more closely approximate the desired target behavior.

28

Stress Inoculation Training

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy in which clients learn coping skills for dealing with stressful situations and then practice the skills while being exposed to the situation.

29

Systemic Desensitization

Specific procedure for replacing anxiety with relaxation while gradually increasing the imagined exposure to an anxiety-producing situation.

30

Target Behavior

Part of the client's problem that can be clearly defined and easily assessed.