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Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (40)
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1

Awareness

Attending to and observing what is happening in the present.

2

Body Armor

A protective mechanism in the individual to deal with the punishment that comes from acting on instinctual demands, such as defecating in public.

3

Body Awareness

Patients may move or change positions and develop more awareness of their body.

4

Confluence

A contact boundary disturbance in which the separation between oneself and others becomes muted or unclear.

5

Contact

Relationship between me and others. Feeling a connection with others or the world outside oneself while maintaining a separation from it.

6

Contact Boundaries

Boundaries that distinguish one person from an object, another person, or another aspect of oneself.

7

Deflection

A contact boundary disturbance in which individuals avoid meaningful contact by being indirect or vague rather than by being direct.

8

Empty Chair

Technique developed by gestalt therapies and adapted by other theorists in which the patient is asked to play different roles in two chairs.

9

Enactment

Patient may act out a previous experience or a characteristic.

10

Exercises

Specific techniques that have been developed to be used in group or individual therapy.

11

Experiments

Creative approaches or techniques used by the therapist to deal with an impasse in therapy brought about by the client's difficulty in achieving awareness.

12

Gestalt Psychology

Psychological approach that studies the organization of experience into patterns or configurations. Whole is greater than the sum of it's parts.

13

Ground

Background that contrasts with the figure in the perceptions of a field.

14

Hot Seat

Form of group therapy in which individuals work one at a time with the therapist, and the audience observes, occasionally being asked to comment on the therapeutic process.

15

Implosive Therapy

Type of prolonged intense exposure therapy in which the client imagines exaggerated scenes that include hypothesized stimuli.

16

Introjection

Contact boundary disturbance in which individuals accept information or values from others without evaluating them or without assimilating them into one's personality.

17

Projection

Contact boundary disturbance in which we may ascribe aspects of ourselves to others.

18

Retroflection

Contact boundary disturbance in which we do to ourselves what we want to do to someone else, or doing things for ourselves that we want others to do for us.

19

Unfinished Business

Unexpressed feelings from the past that occur in the present and interfere with psychological functioning.

20

Disturbance of Contact

When boundary between self and others in unclear.

21

Phony Layer

Refers to reacting to others in unauthentic or patterned ways.

22

Phobic Layer

An avoidance of psychological pain.

23

Impasse Layer

Point at which we are afraid to change or move.

24

Implosive Layer

We experience our feelings, start to become aware of the real self, but may do little about the feelings.

25

Explosive Layer

Authentic and without pretense.

26

Body-Boundaries

Those that may restrict sensations or place them off limits.

27

Value-Boundaries

Values we hold that we are resistant to changing.

28

Familiarity-Boundaries

Events that are often repeated but may not be thought about or challenged.

29

Expressive-Boundaries

We express what we learn at an early age.

30

Existentialism Influence

Expansion of awareness, freedom, focus on the here and now, and immediacy of experience.