Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

Counseling Psychology > Chapter 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (66)
Loading flashcards...

Altruism (Anna Freud)

Defense mechanism in which one learns to become helpful to avoid feeling helpless. They learn to satisfy their own egos as well as the demands of society.


Anal Stage (Freud)

The second stage of psychosexual development occurring between the ages of 18 months to 3 years. Anal area becomes the main source of pleasure.


Anticathexes (Freud)

The control or restraint exercised by the ego over the id to keep id impulses out of consciousness.


Attachment Theory (Psychoanalysis)

The study of infant-mother relationships and patterns of relating to one another.


Bipolar Self (Kohut)

Tension between the grandiose self and an idealized view of the parents forms the two poles of the bipolar self.


Cathect (Freud)

Investing psychic energy in a mental representation of a person, behavior, or idea.


Countertransference (Psychoanalysis)

1. The irrational or neurotic reactions of a therapist toward the patient. 2. The therapist's conscious and unconscious feelings toward the patient. 3. A way of understanding how people in the patient's past may have felt.


Defense Mechanisms (Freud)

A means that the ego uses to fight off instinctual outbursts of the id or injunctions by the superego. Ten total.


Denial (Freud)

Defense mechanism in which individuals may distort or not acknowledge what they think, feel, or see.


Displacement (Freud)

Defense mechanism in which individuals place their feelings not on a dangerous object or person but on one who may be safe.


Drive (Freud)

A physiological state of tension, such as hunger, sex, or elimination, that motivates an individual to perform actions to reduce the tension.


Ego Ideal (Freud)

In the child, a representation of values that are approved of by parents. It is present in the superego as a concern with movement toward perfectionistic goals.


Eros (Freud)

The life instinct, derived from libidinal energy, in opposition to the death instinct (Thanatos).


False Self (Winnicott)

When good-enough mothering is not available in infancy, children may act as they believe they are expected to. They adopt their mother's self rather than their own.


Free Association (Psychoanalysis)

The patient relates feelings, fantasies, thoughts, memories, and recent events to the analyst spontaneously and without censoring them.


Genital Stage (Freud)

Final stage of psychosexual development, which usually starts at 12 years and goes throughout life. Focus of sexual energy is toward members of the other sex rather than toward oneself.


Good-Enough Mother (Winnicott)

A mother who adapts to her infant's gestures and needs during early infancy and gradually helps the infant develop independence.


Holding (Winnicott)

Feeling of security that develops from the physical holding of the child; also used metaphorically to refer to a caring environment.


Id (Freud)

Biological instincts, including sexual and aggressive impulses, that seek pleasure. Id, at birth, represents total personality.


Identification (Freud)

Defense mechanism in which individuals take on characteristics of another, often a parent, to reduce their own anxieties and internal conflicts.


Identification with the Aggressor (Anna Freud)

Defense mechanism in which the individual identifies with an opponent that he or she cannot master, taking on characteristics of that person.


Individuation (Object Relations)

Process of becoming an individual, becoming aware of oneself.


Instinct (Freud)

Basic drives such as hunger, thirst, sex, and aggression that must be fulfilled in order to maintain physical or psychological equilibrium.


Intellectualization (Freud)

Defense mechanism in which emotional issues are not dealt with directly but rather are handled indirectly by abstract thought.


Interpretation (Psychoanalysis)

Process by which the psychoanalyst points out the unconscious meanings of a situation to a patient.


Intersubjectivity (Psychoanalysis)

The view that both analyst and patient influence each other in therapy.


Intersubjectivity Theory (Psychoanalysis)

Approach developed by self psychologists and other psychoanalysts that is influenced by constructivism.


Intrapsychic Processes (Psychoanalysis)

Impulses, ideas, conflicts, or other psychological phenomena that occur within the mind.


Latency (Freud)

Following phallic stage, there is a relatively calm period before adolescence.


Libido (Freud)

Basic driving force of personality, which includes sexual energy but is not limited to it.