Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

Counseling Psychology > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (25)
Loading flashcards...
1

Ontology

Study of being or "I am" experience.

2

Uberwelt

Religious or spiritual beliefs about the ideal world; the way an individual wants the world to be.

3

Anxiety

An unpleasant feeling of fear and/or apprehension accompanied by physiological changes such as fast pulse, quick breathing, sweating, flushing, muscle aches, and stomach tension.

4

Attitude Modulation

Technique used to change motivations from anxious ones to healthy ones by questioning the client's rationale and by removing obstacles that interfere with being responsible.

5

Authenticity

Being genuine and real, as well as aware of one's being.

6

Being in the World

Refers to examining oneself, others, and one's relationship with the world, thus attaining higher levels of consciousness.

7

Boundary Situation

An urgent experience that compels an individual to deal with an existential situation.

8

Dereflection

Technique in which clients focus away from their problems instead of on them to reduce anxiety.

9

Eigenwelt

Way of relating to one's own world; being aware of oneself and how we relate to ourselves.

10

Existentialism

Philosophical view that emphasized the importance of existence, including one's responsibility for one's own psychological existence.

11

I-Sharing

Positive term, is one that produces a sense of intimacy, a sense of fondness develops when people experience a moment in the same way that another does.

12

Kairos

Critical point at which a disease is expected to get better or worse. In psychotherapy, it refers to the appropriate timing of a therapeutic intervention.

13

Logotherapy

Focuses on challenging clients to search for meaning in their lives.

14

Mindfulness

Way of experiencing oneself in the present. One is relaxed, open, and alert.

15

Mitwelt

Way in which individuals relate to the world by interacting socially with others.

16

Neurotic Anxiety

Anxiety that is out of proportion to a particular event. Usually happens when an individual is not living authentically and may fail to make choices and assume responsibility.

17

Normal Anxiety

Anxiety arising from the nature of being human and dealing with unforeseen forces.

18

Paradoxical Intention

Therapeutic strategy in which clients are instructed to engage in and exaggerate behaviors they seek to change.

19

Resistance

Not taking responsibility for one's own life, not being aware of feelings, or being alienated or not being authentic.

20

Responsibility

The process of satisfying one's own needs without interfering with others' fulfillment of their needs.

21

Self-Transcendence

Going beyond one's immediate situation to understand one's being and to take responsibility for that being.

22

Socratic Dialogue

Series of questions designed to help the client arrive at logical answers to and collections about a certain hypothesis (guided discovery).

23

Thrown Condition

Unforeseen forces or events in the world that one does not cause.

24

Transference

Patient's feelings and fantasies, both positive and negative, about the therapist.

25

Umwelt

Relating to the environment, the objects and living beings within it; attending to the biological and physical aspects of the world.