Flashcards in Chapter 7: The Physical Environment Deck (28)
People shape their environment just as the physical environment influences them.
Focuses on the physical environment as a source of sensory information that is essential for human well-being.
(ie color, heat, light)
Stimulation theorists propose that patterns of stimulation influence thinking, feeling, social interaction, and health.
Too much stimulation
Has a negative effect on human behavior.
Restricted environment stimulation
Negative effect on human behavior.
Focuses on the issue of how much control we have over our physical environments and the attempts we make to gain control.
Boundary regulating mechanisms
Use to gain greater control over our physical environments.
(Privacy, personal space, territoriality)
Physical distance we choose to maintain in interpersonal relationships.
Behavior setting theories
Behavior is always tied to a specific place.
Consistent, uniform patterns of behavior occur in particular settings.
Behaviors of different persons in the same setting are more similar than the behaviors of the same person in different settings.
Behavior of individuals and small groups as they seek control over physical space.
Evokes feelings of ownership that we control on a relatively permanent basis.
Less important territories and control of them does not seem as important.
Open to anyone in the community and we generally do not try to control them.
The subjective feeling of having too many people around.
Consistent, prescribed patterns of behavior.
Behavior settings theory:
Different behavior settings attract different numbers of participants or staff.
The portion of the environment influenced primarily be geological and nonhuman biological factors.
Humans genetically based need to affiliate with nature.
Three features of the environment that have been found to be particularly influential on emotional states:
Water, trees, sunlight.
Cultural models of nature-human relationship:
Sees nature as sacred in its own right and threatened by human activity.
Cultural model of nature-human relationship:
Based on science, sees humans as interconnected with nature, and looks to science and technology to improve that relationship.
Portion of the physical environment attributable solely to human effort.
Physical designs that discourage social interaction.
Physical designs that encourage social interactions.
Emphasizes the importance of a homelike physical environment.
Theory of defensible space
Suggests that residential crime and fear of crime can be decreased by means of certain features that increase residents send of territoriality.
Process in which people and groups form bonds with places.
When a particular place becomes an important part of our self-identity.