Chapter 5: The Psychosocial Person Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5: The Psychosocial Person Deck (39)
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1

Traumatic stress

Events that involve actual or threatened severe unjustly or death of oneself or significant others.

2

Coping

Efforts to master demands of stress.

3

Adaptation

Adjustments in our biological responses, perceptions, lifestyle.

4

Symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Persistent reliving of the traumatic event.

Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the traumatic event.

Persistent high state of arousal.

5

Social identify theory:

Naïveté

During childhood

No social consciousness

Curious about differences

6

Securely attached

Infants act somewhat distressed when mothers leave but greet them eagerly and warmly upon return.

7

Psychological stress categories:

Harm

A damaging event that has already occurred.

8

Daily hassles

Common occurrences that are taxing.

9

Role strain

Problems experiences in the performances of specific roles.

(ie romantic partner, care giver, mother)

10

Anxious-ambivalent attached

District when their mothers leave. Infants continue to be distraught when mothers return and comfort them.

11

Avoidantly attached

Infants are relatively undisturbed both when mothers leave and return.

12

Crisis

Major upset in our psychological equilibrium due to some harm, threat, challenge with which we cannot cope.

13

Developmental crisis

Events in normal flow of life that create dramatic change.

(is having a baby)

14

Psychological stress categories:

Challenge

An event we appraise as an opportunity rather than an occasion for alarm.

15

General adaptation syndrome

1) alarm
2) resistance
3) exhaustion

16

Existential crisis

Escalating inner conflicts related to issues of purpose in life

(ie freedom)

17

Disorganized attachment style

Chaotic and conflicted behaviors

18

Social support

Interpersonal interconnections and relationships that provide us with assistance or feeling of attachment to persons we perceive as caring.

19

Defense mechanisms

Unconscious, automatic responses that enable us to minimize perceived threat.

20

Problem focused coping

Change situation by acting on the environment.

21

Emotion-focused coping

Change either the way the stressful situation is attended to (vigilance or avoidance) or the meaning to oneself of what is happening.

22

Relational coping

Takes into account actions that maximize the survival of others.

23

Social network

All people with whom we interact with and exchange resources with.

24

Neural plasticity

Capacity of the nervous system to be modified by experience.

25

Main effect model

How we internalize social support:

Support is seen as related to overall sense of well-being.

Stable roles that help us stabilize mood, self worth.

26

Buffering model

How we internalize social support:

Support is seen as a factor that intervenes between a stressful event and our reaction.

27

Psychological stress categories:

Threat

Perceived potential for harm that has not yet happened.

28

Stress

Any event in which environmental of interval demands tax the adaptive resources of an individual.

29

Afrocentric rational theory

Assumes collective identify for people rather than valuing individualism.

More about human collective identity.

30

Social identity theory

Stage theory of socialization that articulated the process by which we come to identify with some social groups and develops sense of differences from other social groups.