Chapter 1: Aspects of Human Behavior Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1: Aspects of Human Behavior Deck (34)
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1

Quantitative method of research

Use quantifiable numbers. Statistical methods to look for patterns.

Preferred by positivists.

2

Interpreting perspective/
Constructivist perspective

Reality is based on people’s definition of it.

3

Clock time

Use time orientation to describe extent individuals are invested in linear time (past, present, future).

Clock determines when things begin and end.

4

Event time

Schedule determined by events.

5

Time: constants

Move invariably in one direction.

(ie aging process)

6

Objective reality

Reality that exists outside of a persons consciousness.

7

Qualitative methods of research.

Flexible and experiential.

Designed to capture how participants view social life.

8

Deductive reasoning

Theories form it by laying out general, abstract propositions that we can use to generate specific hypothesis to test in unique situations.

9

Diversity

Patterns of group differences.

10

Heterogeneity

Individual level differences.

Differences among individuals.

11

Theory

A logically interrelated set of concepts and propositions organized into a seductive system, which explains relationships between aspects of the world.

12

Environmental dimensions:

Exosystem

Linkages between Microsystems and larger institutions that affect the system.

(ie workplace, child‘s school, church)

13

Time: shifts

Sudden abrupt changes in direction.

14

Life events

Events that are brief in scope but can have serious and Lon lasting effects.

15

Dimension

A feature that can be focused on separately but that can not be understood without also considering other features.

16

Biopsychosocial approach

Behavior is considered to be the result of interactions of integrated biological, psychological, and social systems.

17

Environmental dimensions:

Microsystems

Direct face to face contact between members.

18

Positivist perspective

The world has an order than can be discovered.

Findings of one study should be applied to other groups.

19

Time:

Trends

Move in general direction but are not as invariable as constants.

(Ex: diversity in US)

20

Time:

Cycle

Reverse direction repetitively.

Cycles of behavior can reoccur in different patterns (daily, monthly etc.)

21

Determinism

Human behavior is determined by forces beyond the control of the person.

22

Voluntarism

Persons are free and proactive agency’s in creation of their behavior.

23

Environmental dimensions:

Macro system

He broader influences of culture, subculture, social structure.

24

Multidimensional approach

Thinking about human behavior as changing configurations of person and environment over time.

25

Privilege

Unearned advantages

26

Didactic relationships

Relationships between two people

27

Acculturation

Process of changing ones culture by incorporating elements of another culture.

28

Assumptions

Beliefs held to be true without testing or proof about nature of human social life.

29

Propositions

Theoretical concepts put together

30

Environmental dimensions:

Mesosystems

Are networks of Microsystems of a given person.