Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

Physical Anthropology > Chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

Vertical clinging and leaping is a locomotor pattern frequently practice by?

Lemurs and tarsiers

2

What is seen in some new world monkeys, but not in any old world monkeys?

A prehensile tail

3

Primates two suborders are?

Strepsirhini

Haplorhini

4

The suborder strepsirhini includes?

Lemurs and lorises

5

Old world monkeys are separated from apes and humans at the level of the ?

Superfamily

6

Tarsiers, monkeys, apes, and humans are placed together in which suborder?

Haplorhini

7

Anthropoids generally?

Depend less on olfaction and more on vision

8

Monkeys are divided into which two major groups?

New and old world

9

Old world monkeys found?

Sub Sahara Africa

Southern Asia

Northern Japan

10

Sexual dimorphism

Refers to difference between the sexes with regard to features such as body size

11

Compared to monkeys, Hominoids

generally have larger body sizes and lack a tail

12

Orangutans

Have very large, highly sexually dimorphic body sizes and live largely solitary lives

13

What is a major underlying factor for the declining numbers of nonhuman primates?

Unprecedented human population growth

14

Primate taxonomy suborders?

Primate: strepsirrhini or haplorrhini

15

Primates characteristics?

Grasping hands
Opposable thumbs
Nails
Five digits
Clavicle
Lesser sense of smell and hearing
Eyes rotated forward
Orbital closure

16

Vision in primates?

Enhanced sense of vision
Forward facing eyes
Binocular visión
Depth perception
Color vision

17

Sexual dimorphism

Refers to difference between the sexes with regard to features such as body size