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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Deck (9)
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1

Evolution

Any change in allele frequencies from one generation to the next

2

Natural selection

Generic change or changes in the frequencies of certain traits in populations due to differential reproductive success between individuals

3

Catastrophism

The view that the earth’s geological landscape is the result of violent cataclysmic/ catastrophic events

Promoted by Cuvier

4

Uniformitarianism

The theory that the earth’s features are the result of long-term processes that continue to operate in the present just as they did in the past.


Opposed catastrophism and contributed strongly to the concept of immense geological time

5

Thomas Malthus

Proposed that popular size increases at a faster rate than food supplies

6

Charles Lyell

The immense age of the earth

7

Charles Darwin

Began to doubt the fixity if species during a voyage around the world

8

Fixity of species

The belief that species do not change but are the same as when they were first created

9

Carolina Linnaeus

Established a binomial system of classification for plants and animals