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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Vocabulary Deck (38)
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1

A language systematically used to make communication possible between people not sharing in mother tongue, in particular when it is a third language, distinct from both mother tongues.

Lingua Franca

2

A language that is written as well as spoken

Literary tradition

3

Countries with only one official language

Monolingual states

4

Countries in which more than one language is spoken

Multilingual states

5

The ability of two people to understand each other when speaking

Mutual intelligibility

6

I language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction

Official language

7

A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages

Pidgin language

8

A specific point on earth distinguished by a particular character

Place

9

Linguistic hypothesis proposing the existence of an ancestral Indo-European language that is the hearth of ancient Latin, Greek and Sanskirt languages, Which hearth would link modern languages from Scandinavia to north Africa from North America through parts of Asia to Australia

Proto – Indo – European

10

Theory developed by a British scholar where in he proposed that three area in and near the first agricultural hearth, the fertile crescent, gave rise to three language families

Renfew hypothesis

11

The group of languages derived from Latin (French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, Portuguese)

Romance languages

12

(Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovenian, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian)developed as Slavic people migrated from a base in present day Ukraine around 2000 years ago

Slavic languages

13

A gradual alteration of series of alterations in the pronunciation of a set of sounds, especially of vowels

Sound shift

14

A combination of Spanish and English

Spanglish

15

The variant of a language that a country's political and intellectual elite seek to promote as the norm for use in schools, government, and is recognized by other states

Standard language

16

The name given to a portion of earths surface

Toponym

17

The Latin learned by people in provinces taken over by the Roman empire; it wasn't to the standard literary form but a spoken form of Latin

Vulgar Latin

18

The technique used to track language back to its origin through comparing it to similar languages

Backwards reconstruction

19

The dialect of England associated with upper-class British people living in the London area, and now considered the standard dialect in the UK

British the revised pronunciation

20

Theory of the diffusion of the Proto-Indo- European language into Europe through the speakers over powering up earlier in habitants through warfare and technology

Conquest theory

21

A language that results from the mixing of the colonizers language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated

Creole language

22

The behaviors and believes characteristic of a particular social, economic, or age group

Culture

23

Technique using the vocabulary of an extinct language to re-create the language that preceded the extinct language

Deep reconstruction

24

A particular form of language that is peculiar to a specific region, or social group

Dialect

25

A set of contagious dialects in which the dialects nearest to each other at any place in the chain are most closely related

Dialect chains

26

Theory which holds that the Indo-European languages that arose from Porto-Indo – European war first carried east word into Southwest Asia, next around with the Caspian Sea and then across the Russian– Ukrainian planes and on into the Balkans

Dispersal hypothesis

27

Dialect spoken by some African-Americans

Ebonics

28

A language that is no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world

Extinct language

29

A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; a combination of Francias and anglais, The French words for French and English, respectively

Franglais

30

Languages (English, German, danish, Norwegian, and Swedish) that reflect the expansion of peoples out of northern Europe to the west and south

Germanic languages