Vocab Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Human Geography > Vocab Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Chapter 3 Deck (37)
Loading flashcards...
1

Any item, made by humans, that represents a material aspect of culture.

Artifact

2

The man made surroundings that provide the setting for human activity, ranging in scale from personal shelter to neighborhoods to the large scale civic surroundings

Built environment

3

The place where concentration of culture traits that characterizes a region is greatest

Core domain spear model

4

The contact and interaction of one culture to another

Cultural convergence

5

The concept that people of different culture will definitely observe and interpret their environment and make different decisions about its nature, potentiality and use

Cultural/environmental perception

6

Modifications to the environment by humans, including the built environment and agricultural systems, that reflect aspects of their culture

Cultural landscape

7

The entire region throughout which a culture prevails. Criteria that may be chosen to define culture realms include religion, language, diet, customs, or economic development

Cultural realm

8

Locations on earth's surface where specific culture is first arose

Cultural hearth

9

The group of traits that define a particular culture

Cultural complex

10

The specific customs that are part of the every day life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture

Cultural trait

11

A region defined by similar culture traits and cultural landscape features

Cultural region

12

Practices followed by the people of a particular cultural group

Customs

13

A doctrine that claims that cultural traits are formed and controlled by environmental conditions

Environmental determinism

14

Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups

Folk culture

15

Reason certain culture/region eat certain types of food

Food attraction

16

A repetitive act there a particular individual performs

Habit

17

The physical manifestations of human activities; includes tools, campsites, art, and structures. The most durable aspects of culture.

Material culture

18

The central enduring elements of a culture expressing its values and believes, including language religion folklore and etc.

Mentifact

19

Dynamic culture based in large, heterogeneous society's permitting considerable individualism,innovation, and change; having a money based economy, division of labor into professions, secular institutions of control, and weak interpersonal ties;and producing and consuming machine made goods.

Popular culture

20

The theory that the physical may set limits on human actions, but the people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives

Possiblism

21

The institutions and links between individuals and groups that unite a culture, including family structure and political, education and religious institutions

Socio fact

22

A restriction on a behavior imposed by social custom

Taboo

23

The spatial expression of a popular custom and one location that will be similar to another

Uniform landscape

24

The spread of an innovation or idea through a population in an area

Expansion diffusion

25

The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another

Relocation diffusion

26

A group of people in a particular place that see themselves as a collective or a community, with shared experiences, customs, and trains;working together to preserve those trains in order to claim uniqueness and to distinguish themselves from others.

Local culture

27

Beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people

Nonmaterial culture

28

Process through which people lose originally differentiating traits (dress, speech particularities, mannerisms, etc.)when they come into contact with another society or culture; often described immigrants adaptation to new places of residence

Assimilation

29

Process by which outside cultures adopt customs and knowledge of another culture and use them for their own benefit

Cultural appropriation

30

The seeking out of the regional culture and reinvigoration of it in response to the uncertainty of the modern world

Neolocism