L Chapter 8 Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

Human Geography > L Chapter 8 Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in L Chapter 8 Vocabulary Deck (34)
Loading flashcards...
1

Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries

Balance of power

2

Invisible line that marks the extent of a states territory

Boundary

3

Forces that tend to divide a country – such as internal religious, linguistic, ethnic, or ideological differences

Centrifugal

4

Forces that tend to unify a country – such as widespread commitment to a national culture, shared ideological objectives, and a common faith

Centripetal

5

A sovereign state comprising A city and its immediate hinterland (an area surrounding a town or port and served by it)

City state

6

Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political economic and cultural principles and another territory

Colonialism

7

A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent

Colony

8

The process through which something is given monetary value; when something not previously regarded as an object to be bought and sold become something that has a value and can be traded in a market economy

Commodification

9

A state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly

Compact state

10

Process to incorporate higher levels of education and higher salaries and more technology; generate more wealth than periphery process in the world economy

Core

11

The process whereby religions with in a state to demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government

Devolution

12

A state with a long narrow shape

Elongated state

13

And internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to the units of local government

Federal state

14

Symbolically relocated capital city usually because of either economic or strategic reasons; sometimes used to integrate outlying parts of a country into the state

Forwardcapital

15

A state that include several discontinuous pieces of territory

Fragmented state

16

Is zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control

Frontier

17

Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power

Gerrymandering

18

Theory proposed by Halford Mackinder and early 20th century that any political power based in the heart of Eurasia could gain sufficient strength to eventually dominate the world; Mackinder further proposed that since Eastern Europe controlled access to the Eurasian interior it's a ruler would command the vast "heartland" to the east

Heartland theory

19

Leadership or dominance especially by one Country or social group over others

Hegemony

20

Control of territory already occupied and organized by indigenous Society

Imperialism

21

A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea

Landlocked state

22

A state that encompasses a very small land area

Microstate

23

Peace negotiated and 1648 to enter the 30 years war, Europe's most destructive internal struggle over religion; contains a new language, recognizing statehood, and nationhood,clearly defined borders, and guarantees of security

Peace of West Phalia

24

A state that completely surrounds another one

Perforated state

25

Process that incorporate lower levels of education, lower salaries, and that's it Melody; and guarantee less well than core processes in the world economy

Periphery

26

And otherwise compact state with a large projection extension

Prorupted state

27

Process by which representative districts are switched according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people

Reapportionment

28

Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states

Sovereignty

29

An area organized into a political unit and ruled by and established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs

State

30

A venture involving three or more nationstates involving formal political, economic, and or cultural corporation to promote shared objectives;The United Nations, the European Union, NATO examples

Supranational organization