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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (33)
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1

The process of improving

Development

2

When a poor country ties the value of its currency to that of a wealthier country

Dollarization

3

The legal economy that to governments tax and monitor

Formal economy

4

Created by the United Nations in compares the ability of men and women to participate in economic and political decision-making

Gender empowerment index

5

Created by the United Nations and compares the level of development of women with that of both sexes

Gender related development Index

6

The value of the total value of goods and services produced in a country during the year

Gross domestic product

7

The monetary worth of what is produced within a country plus income received from investments outside the country

Gross national income

8

The total value of all goods and services produced by a country's economy in a given year

Gross national product

9

Created by the United Nations and recognizes that a country's level of development is a function of economic, social, and it demographic factors

Human development Index

10

The illegal or uncounted economy that governments do not tax and keep track of

Informal economy

11

Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investments

Island of development

12

A country in the earlier stages of development continuum

Less developed country

13

The percentage of countries population you can read and write

Literacy rate

14

Vectored disease spread by mosquitoes that carry the parasite in the saliva

Malaria

15

Zones in northern Mexico with the factory supplying manufactured goods to the US market

MAQUILADORAS

16

Program that provides small loans to poor people

Microcredit program

17

A country that has progressed more along development continuum

More developed country

18

The status that major world powers control the economies of the poor countries in the world

Neo colonialism

19

International organizations operate outside of the formal political over enough that are never the less influential in spearheading international initiatives on social, economic, and environmental issues

Nongovernmental organizations

20

Working it involves directly extracting materials from the earth

Primary sector

21

The value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it

Productivity

22

The portion of the economy concerned with manufacturing useful products through processing transforming and assembling raw materials

Secondary sector

23

Specific area within a country in which tax incentives and less stringent environmental regulations are implemented to attract foreign business advisement

Special economic zones

24

Economic policies imposed on less developed countries by international agencies to create conditions incurring international trade

Structural adjustment program

25

A general term for a model of economic development that treats economic disparities among countries or regions as a result of historically derived power relations with in the global economic system

Structuralist history

26

With reference to Emmanuel Wallerstein's world systems theory

Three tier structure

27

When a family since a child or an adult to a labor recruiter in hopes of the labor recruiter will send money

Trafficking

28

The gross value of a product minus the cost of raw materials and energy to produce a product

Value added

29

A disease carried from one house to another by an intermediate host such as a mosquito

Vectored disease

30

Thierry originated by Emmanuel Wallerstein and illuminated by his three tier structure

World systems theory