Chapter 12 Flashcards Preview

Human Geography > Chapter 12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 12 Deck (26)
Loading flashcards...
1

Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement

Basic industries

2

Service is it primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services

Business services

3

The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered

Central business district

4

A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area

Central place

5

A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements service centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther

Central place theory

6

A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland

City state

7

A rule settlement in which the houses and a farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and field surrounded the settlement

Clustered rural settlement

8

Business that provides services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and education, health and leisure services

Consumer services

9

A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages

Dispersed rural settlement

10

A communities collection of basic industries

Economic base

11

The process of consolidating small land holdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th-century

Enclosure movement

12

A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service

Gravity model

13

Also called the hinterland the area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the places goods and services

Market area

14

Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community

Non basic industries

15

A decision by a corporation to turn over much of the responsibility for production to independent suppliers

Outsourcing

16

Services that provide for the well-being and personal improvement of individual customers

Personal services

17

The larger settlements in a country if it has more than twice as many people as the second raking settlement

Primate city

18

Services that primarily help people conduct business

Producer services

19

Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and business

Public services

20

The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service

Range

21

A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is
1/n The population of the largest settlement

Rank size rule

22

Services that provide goods for sale to consumers

Retail services

23

Any activity that fulfills a human want or need a return his money to those who provide it

Service

24

A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants

Settlement

25

The minimum number of people needed to support the service

Threshold

26

Services that diffuse and distribute services

Transportation information services