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1

General term for the business that provide the vast array of goods and services that support the agriculture industry

Agribusiness

2

The place from which agriculture, or a form of agriculture originates

Agricultural hearth

3

The purposeful tending of crops and livestock in order to produce food and fiber

Agriculture

4

The intentional growth of herds of animals by humans, rather than wild growth in nature

Animal domestication

5

A form of technology that uses living organisms, usually genes, to modify products, to make or modify plants and animals, or to develops other micro- organisms for specific purposes

Biotechnology

6

Cereal grains include corn, oats, barley, etc... grains are the harvested seed portions of cereal crops; some are for human consumption, many for animal consumption

Cereal grains

7

Husks of grain separated from the seed by threshing

Chaff

8

A machine that reaps threshes and cleans grain while moving over a field

Combine

9

Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm

Commercial agriculture

10

A grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season

Crop

11

The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year to avoid exhausting the soil

Crop rotation

12

Degradation of land especially in semi- arid areas primarily because of human actions such as excessive crop planting animal grazing and tree cutting

Desertification

13

A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages

Dispersed settlement pattern

14

Harvesting twice a year from the same field

Double cropping

15

A crop or livestock system in which land quality or extent is more important that capital or labor inputs in determining output

Extensive agriculture

16

Dating back 10,000 years, the first agricultural revolution achieved plant domestication and animal domestication

First agricultural revolution

17

Crops that carry new traits that have been inserted through advanced genetic engineering methods

Genetically modified organisms

18

Rapid diffusion of new agricultural technology especially new high yield seeds and fertilizers

Green revolution

19

The cultivation of plants

Horticulture

20

The outer covering of a seed

Hull

21

A form of subsistence agriculture from which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasible yield from a parcel of land

Intensive subsistence agriculture

22

Developed by Wladimir Koppen, A system for classifying the world climates on the basis of temperature and precipitation

Koppen climactic classification system

23

The raising of domesticated animals for the production of meat and other by products such as leather and wool

Livestock ranching

24

Non-substance crops such as tea, cacao, coffee, and tobacco

Luxury crops

25

Specialized farming that occurs only in areas where the dry summer Mediterranean climate prevails

Mediterranean agriculture

26

The area surrounding a city from which milk is supplied

Milkshed

27

Dependence on a single agricultural commodity

Monoculture

28

Approach to farming and ranching that avoid the use of herbicides, pesticides, growth hormones, and other similar synthetic inputs

Organic agriculture

29

Malay word for we rice, commonly but incorrectly used to describe a sawah

Paddy

30

A form of substance agriculture based on herding animals

Pastoral nomadism