Flashcards in Chapter 4- Building and Fire Codes Deck (29)
The National Fire Protection Association was first organized in __
In addition to building codes, the __ and __ develop fire codes.
Generally speaking, unless a building is renovated or modified, __ codes are not applied retroactively.
A __ code, in contrast, applies to all structures and conditions within them, including existing hazards that were created even before the adoption of the code.
Fire codes and building codes are updated every __ years by the NFPA and ICC.
Generally, __ codes specify where systems are to be installed and __ specify how the system is to be designed and installed
Two of the most important test standards are American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) E-119, Standard Test Method for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials, which is used for testing and assigning hourly ratings to __, __, and __.
Fire walls, Columns, Floors
The second test is ASTM E-84, Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, which tests the flame spread characteristics of __ finishes.
It has been said that __% of a building code deals with fire safety.
A complex set of regulations deal with egress. The first and foremost consideration is the calculation of the __ load.
Once the occupant load has been determined the number of __ paths/doors for each room and the entire building must be established.
With the occupant load and number of exit doors/egress paths determined, designers must then provide a __ path of travel to a public way.
This translates into rated corridors (often __ hour) with rated corridor doors (often __ minutes), and rated stairwells (__ hour for stairs up to three stories and __ hours for those four or more stories).
1 hr, 2 hrs
Travel distance for a building without an automatic fire sprinkler system have a maximum distance of __ feet.
Exterior emergency __ and __ windows are required for all sleeping rooms in residential occupancies, e.g., hotels, dormitories, apartments, one and two bedroom family dwellings--Group R occupancies below the fourth floor for you to rescue trapped occupants.
These windows must be a minimum of 5.7 square feet in area, with a minimum of __ inches in width and __ inches in height.
Under __ __ __, elevators are recalled to a specific floor lobby of the building by the activation of a smoke detector located in an elevator lobby of a floor. Upon arrival at the first floor, the doors open and allow the occupants to leave. The doors remain open for fire fighters to begin their use of the elevators.
Phase 1 Operation
Under __ __ __, a fire fighter selects one of the elevators in a bank to access the upper floors. Fire fighters can then control the elevators using a special key and set of procedures.
Phase 2 Operation
Occupant evacuation elevators are intended for the self evacuation of occupants in buildings more than __ feet in height as an alternative to an extra mandated stairwell in the building.
Fire service elevators are found in new buildings more than __ feet in height.
In fire service elevators, the lobbies are a minimum of __ square feet in area and must have a class __ hose outlet in the fire rated stairwell immediately adjacent to the lobby.
The door restrictor engages when the elevator cab is located __ inches above or below the landing zone.
That portion of a means of egress that is separated from all other spaces of a building or structure by construction or equipment as required to provide a protected way of travel to the exit discharge.
That portion of a means of egress that leads to an exit.
That portion of a means of egress between the termination of an exit and a public way.
A 2 hour fire rated wall typically running from exterior wall to exterior wall on an individual floor of a building, which is used when travel distances to a fire rated stairwell or exit discharge are excessive.
A source code that is no longer supported or printed
Complete regulatory documents that can be adopted by cities and states as they are written.