Chapter 13- Specific Occupancy Related Construction Hazards Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13- Specific Occupancy Related Construction Hazards Deck (62)
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1

Exterior structural walls of garden apartments are made of various materials:

-Solid masonry
-Brick veneer over platform wood frame
-Partially solid masonry, partially brick veneer on wood
-Wood

2

The usual height limit for these structures is __ stories, although __ stories is now becoming commonplace.

3
4

3

The __ of fixtures, __ __, and the __ supply due to interconnected voids make early collapse a real hazard in these structures.

Weight
Structure cuts
Air

4

Tenants of garden apartments should be advised to help themselves in four basic ways:

-Be fully insured for the value of all personal property.
-Keep property of unique value in a bank vault.
-Call the Fire department immediately if a fire or gas leak is suspected.
-In a fire, evacuate immediately, even if the fire seems inconsequential.

5

Space is generally limited when it comes to parking. The preincident plan review should address this problem, including calling for a minimum of __ feet of clear width, proper __ __, __ __ of curbs, and __.

20
Turning radii
Red striping
Signage

6

It is the only construction material that does not yield heat when burned in pure oxygen.

Gypsum

7

The fire wall should be extended straight out or in a __ or __ shape to cut off the fire.

T
L

8

There is probably no class of building in which good fire planning and training can pay off more than in __ __.

Garden apartments

9

Today, building codes only require that atria connect a minimum of __ floors without a minimum size requirement.

2

10

Building codes specify numerous requirements for atria:

-Full sprinkler protection throughout the building (with the exception of the top of the atrium itself it is more than 55 feet above the floor).
-A smoke control system.
- Standby power for the building.

11

Perhaps the most dangerous time for a place of worship, in terms of being vulnerable to a fire being initiated, is during __.

Renovations

12

Today, fire protection in malls includes complete:

-Sprinkler protection
-Smoke control system.
-Standpipe system
-Emergency voice communications system
-Standby power

13

One common trait of most factories is the __ __, which can pose a safety risk to fire fighters.

Production equipment

14

These hazards include large __ __, __ __, __ __, and heavy duty __ __ __.

-Moving parts
-Confined spaces
-Pressurized vessels
-Energized electrical equipment

15

In a modern office building, possibly __ % or more of the floor volume is located in the ceiling void.

25%

16

Some codes require doors to be unlocked for reentry on certain floors, typically no more than __ intervening floors between reentry floors.

4

17

Other codes require automatic release of locks upon a fire alarm system activation, manual release from the lobby command center, and telephones in the stairwells every __ floors.

5

18

Under lapse conditions, smoke will move __ and __ from the fire.

Up
Away

19

The wind exerts a pressure on the __ side of the building and suction on the __.

Windward
Leeward

20

If the windows are out and the fire is on the __ side of the building, the suppression may be "a piece of cake."

Leeward

21

Given the same fire, the windows out, and the fire on the __ side of the building, it may be impossible to move into the fire floor.

Windward

22

Stack effect is most significant in __ climates in the __ because of the great difference between the inside and outside temperatures.

Cold
Wintertime

23

Under winter conditions, stack effect causes a movement of air from the floors into the __ __, __, __ and so on in the __ portion of the building.

Vertical shafts
Stairways
Elevators
Lower

24

The greatest flow will be at the __ floor, with the flow gradually decreasing as the height of the floor above ground increases.

1st

25

At a point about __ to __ the building's height, the flow is reduced to __; this is called the __ zone.

1/3 to 1/2
0
Neutral

26

Above the neutral zone, the flow __ and travels out to the __ from the __.

Reverses
Floors
Shafts

27

In a sealed air conditioned building in the summertime, the stack effect is __ (and is often called a __ __ __).

Reversed
Reverse stack effect

28

In such a case, the flow of air is __.

Downward

29

To complement the smoke barriers, corridors are a minimum of __ feet wide to accommodate the size and width of rolling hospital beds.

8

30

Hospital and nursing home staffs practice RACE:

-R: Remove all people in immediate danger to safety.
-A: Activate the manual pull station and have someone call 911.
-C: Close doors to confine the spread of smoke and fire.
-E: Extinguish the fire, if possible.