Flashcards in Chapter 12- Firefighting Concerns of Green Construction Deck (18)
The stated objectives of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) program are as follows:
-Lower operating costs and increase asset value
-Reduce waste sent to landfills
-Conserve energy and water
-Be healthier and safer for occupants
-Reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions
-Qualify for tax rebates, zoning allowances, and other incentives in hundreds of cities
For the purposes of studying green construction from a firefighting perspective, we can group these green systems and materials into four general categories:
-Eco friendly materials
Green concrete includes __ wall panel systems. Although not combustible, __ wall panel systems offer the potential of trapping the heat of a fire inside the structure.
While such water can be considered for firefighting purposes, all apparatus must be thoroughly flushed with potable, fresh water.
A group of modules is known as an __.
The arrays typically face __ (sometimes west) to get the maximum exposure to the sun.
Each individual PV roof panel--also known as a __ contains many semiconductor cells.
__ systems use a roof mounted collector (containing a network of closely spaced tubes; they look similar to a PV panel, but they are not the same) and a pump to move the sun heated fluid to the water tank.
__ systems heat the water directly through the use of a batch collector, essentially a large well insulated tank designed to heat the water within.
In terms of construction materials, a naturally produced plastic from renewable, living sources (e.g., starches, wood), instead of nonrenewable sources such as oil.
PV systems that are incorporated into the building itself in the form of either PV shingles or PV wall panel systems.
Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV)
A composite material composed of clay, straw, sand, and earth; similar to adobe; typically laid in courses.
Wastewater from industrial processes, laundries, and other sources.
PV systems that are not connected to a traditional public electrical grid; they are often located in rural areas.
Off grid systems
Stud less wall assemblies using a core of polyurethane.
Structural insulated panels (SIP)
Installed as an exterior sheathing in wood frame dwellings, providing structural stabilization (similar to plywood and particleboard sheathing over wood studs), insulation, and a barrier to moisture.
Structural insulated sheathing (SIS)
Construction that is deemed to be energy efficient and environmentally friendly; also known as green construction.