CHAPTER 26: Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CHAPTER 26: Vocab Deck (14)
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1

descendants of the Dutch in the Cape Colony.


Afrikaners

2

held in 1884 and 1885 in order to lay down some basic rules for imperialist competition in sub-Saharan Africa, it established the principle that European claims to African territory had to rest on effective occupation in order to be recognized by other states.

Berlin conference

3

a great movement that was the central experience in the saga of Western expansion, one reason why the Wests impact on the world in the nineteenth century was so powerful and many-sided.

great migration

4

the 1857 and 1858 insurrection by Muslim and Hindu mercenaries in the British army which spread throughout northern and central India before finally being crushed, primarily by loyal native troops from southern India. Britain thereafter ruled India directly.

Great Rebellion

5

laws designed by Americans and Australians to keep Asians out.

great white walls

6

launched in 1898 by the Chinese government in an attempt to meet foreign challenge.

hundred days of reform

7

a prince in Egypt.

Khedive

8

the drive to create vast political empires abroad, recalling the old European colonial empires of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries and contrasting with the economic penetration of non-Western territories between 1816 and 1880.

new imperialism

9

grown legally in British-occupied India and smuggled into China by means of fast ships and bribed officials, opium became a destructive and ensnaring vice of the Chinese.

opium trade

10

Japanese warrior nobility who were often poor, restless, and intensely proud.

Samurai

11

the hereditary governor in feudal Japan.

Shogun

12

Italian migrants who had no intention of settling abroad permanently, going to Argentina to harvest between December and April and returning to Italy for the spring planting. A frugal worker could save $250-300 in the course of a season.

Swallows

13

a term widely used by international organizations and by scholars to group Africa, Asia, and Latin America into a single unit.

Third World

14

the idea that Europeans could and should civilize more primitive, nonwhite peoples and that nonwhites would eventually receive the benefits of modern economics, cities, advanced medicine, and higher standards of living.

white mans burden