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Flashcards in CH27 - WW1 Questions Deck (40)
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1

According to the text, the single most “fatal decision” made by Tsar Nicholas II in the
time before the Russian Revolution was
A) his decision to free Rasputin from house arrest.
B) his decision to allow Lenin to return home to Russia.
C) his decision to mobilize the home front.
D) his decision to build a large modern navy.
E) his decision to travel to the front and take personal command of the Russian army.

E

2

Grigori Rasputin was assassinated by
A) Bolshevik revolutionaries. D) nationalistic aristocrats.
B) agents of the tsarist police force. E) Japanese spies.
C) German mercenaries.

D

3

The chief cause of growing tension between Britain and Germany in the first decade of
the twentieth century was
A) the British naval blockade of German colonies in South Africa.
B) the British fear that German economic domination of Russia would exclude
British investment.
C) German support for Russia during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905.
D) increasing German immigration to Great Britain.
E) intense commercial rivalry and the German decision to construct a large worldclass
navy.

E

4

The ______________ linked Austria, Germany, and Russia.
A) Three Emperors' League D) Central Alliance
B) Triple Alliance E) Conservative League
C) Triple Entente

A

5

The spark that ignited the Balkan “powder keg” in 1914 was the assassination of
A) Archduke Francis Ferdinand. D) Tsar Nicholas II.
B) Emperor Francis Joseph. E) General Erich Ludendorf.
C) Chancellor BethmannHollweg.

A

6

Germany's initial offensive was stopped on the outskirts of Paris at the Battle of
A) Verdun. B) the Somme. C) the Marne. D) Ypres. E) Tannenberg.

C

7

The immediate cause of British entry into the First World War was
A) the sinking of the Lusitania.
B) German invasion of neutral Belgium.
C) the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia.
D) the Algeciras Conference.
E) German mobilization following the Austrian ultimatum to Serbia.

B

8

Which of the following events occurred first?
A) First Balkan War begins.
B) Archduke Francis Ferdinand is assassinated.
C) Rasputin is murdered.
D) Ministry of Munitions established in Britain.
E) Russian Revolution topples Nicholas II.

A

9

All of the following nations joined the war on the side of the Central Powers except
A) Bulgaria. D) Austria-Hungary.
B) Germany. E) Italy.
C) the Ottoman Empire.

E

10

The Petrograd Soviet's Army Order No. 1
A) launched the disastrous July offensive.
B) led to a total collapse of discipline in the Russian army.
C) resulted in a counterrevolutionary attack on Petrograd.
D) reinvigorated morale in the Russian army.
E) ordered the execution of all officers above the level of sergeant.

B

11

What was the overall effect of World War I on the lives of European women?
A) The war brought many more women into work in industry, transportation, and
offices.
B) Wartime legislation substantially reduced women's rights.
C) Many European women served in combat.
D) The war raised divorce rates as women separated from husbands absent at the
front.
E) European women gained full equality under the law.

A

12

Walter Rathenau is remembered for his
A) May Day rally in opposition to the German war effort.
B) assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
C) role in Germany's total war mobilization.
D) antiwar novels, which he wrote after the war.
E) advocacy of violent revolution against the German government.

C

13

Which of the following events occurred last?
A) First Balkan War begins.
B) Archduke Francis Ferdinand is assassinated.
C) Rasputin is murdered.
D) Ministry of Munitions established in Britain.
E) Russian Revolution topples Nicholas II.

E

14

In the years before 1900, __________ pursued a policy of “splendid isolation.”
A) Britain B) Germany C) Austria D) Russia E) France

A

15

Lenin's contribution to Marxist theory included all of the following except the
A) importance of violent revolution.
B) possibility of social revolution in a backward country.
C) necessity of a disciplined workers' party.
D) historically determined nature of revolution.
E) importance of human action in bringing about revolution.

D

16

In the First Balkan War, ___________ joined Greece and Bulgaria to attack the Ottoman
Empire.
A) Romania B) Albania C) Serbia D) Russia E) Austria

C

17

Bismarck's alliance system was designed to isolate France and
A) expand German territory eastward.
B) challenge Britain's dominant world position.
C) create rival diplomatic blocs in Europe.
D) maintain peace between Russia and Austria-Hungary.
E) control the Balkans.

D

18

All of the following were activities of the War Raw Materials Board in Germany except
A) inventory and rationing of useful raw materials.
B) sponsoring research that led to the production of synthetic rubber.
C) food rationing.
D) sponsoring research that led to the production of synthetic nitrates for explosives.
E) arrest and imprisonment of “shirkers” at factories producing for the war effort.

E

19

After defeats at the Battles of ___________ and Masurian Lakes, Russia never posed a
real threat to Germany.
A) the Urals D) the Danube
B) Tannenberg E) the Volga
C) the Black Sea.

B

20

During World War I, the Balkans, with the exception of __________, were occupied by
the Central Powers.
A) Greece B) Serbia C) Bulgaria D) Albania E) Bosnia

A

21

The efforts of wartime governments to wage total war resulted in all of the following
except
A) a shortening of the war.
B) an effective and destructive war effort on both sides.
C) a blurring of the distinction between soldiers and civilians.
D) the emergence of socialism as a realistic economic blueprint.
E) widespread censorship of the press.

A

22

Austria-Hungary deliberately chose war in July 1914
A) to annex Serbia.
B) against the desires of their German allies.
C) because it believed Russia would not intervene.
D) to stem the tide of hostile nationalism within its borders.
E) to seize Italian territory.

D

23

46. The social impact of total war included all of the following except
A) greater power and prestige for labor unions.
B) greater acceptance of ethnic minorities.
C) dramatic changes in the role of women.
D) greater social equality.
E) full employment.

B

24

The African colonial subjects of Britain and France
A) used the war as an opportunity to revolt.
B) played no part in the war.
C) opposed the war as irrelevant to their interests.
D) lent clandestine support to Germany.
E) generally supported their foreign masters.

E

25

Generally, the offensives on the western front
A) made significant territorial gains.
B) relied heavily on flanking movements of cavalry units.
C) were depressingly similar slaughters of massed infantry units.
D) were won by the army on the offensive.
E) were launched by the Germans.

C

26

Germany's Auxiliary Service Law
A) mobilized local police for service with the German army at the front.
B) created an organization of female nurses attached to the German army.
C) banned the conscription of skilled industrial workers.
D) mandated the forced conscription of Belgian subjects for labor service in
Germany.
E) required all males between the ages of 17 and 60 to work only at jobs considered
crucial for the war effort.

E

27

At the Paris Peace Conference, French premier Georges Clemenceau
A) strongly supported the creation of a League of Nations.
B) advocated lenient treatment of Germany.
C) agreed to renounce France's claim to Alsace and Lorraine.
D) wanted to create a buffer state between Germany and France.
E) objected to the breakup of the Austrian Empire.

D

28

At the Paris Peace Conference Iraq, Palestine, Transjordan, and Syria
A) remained part of the Turkish empire.
B) gained independence from the Turkish empire.
C) were placed under British and French colonial rule.
D) were placed under Italian colonial rule.
E) were placed together under direct rule by the League of Nations.

C

29

According to the text, the harshest clause of the Treaty of Versailles with regard to
Germany was
A) the establishment of a separate state along the Rhine River.
B) territorial transfers from Germany to France and Poland.
C) the limitation of the German army to 100,000 men.
D) the transfer of Germany's colonies to France, Britain, and Japan.
E) the mandating of huge war reparations payments.

E

30

British Prime Minister Lloyd George's smashing electoral victory of December 1918
came largely out of his promise
A) of “peace for our time.”
B) to make Germany pay for the war.
C) to enact wide-ranging welfare programs.
D) to dismantle the government's apparatus for control of the economy.
E) not to form any future military alliance with France.

B