Chapter 23: Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 23: Vocab Deck (17)
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1

a protest that took place at Saint Peters Fields in Manchester that was broken up by armed cavalry in reaction to the revision of the Corn Laws.

Battle of Peterloo

2

the middle class.

Bourgeoisie

3

issued in 1819, these decrees required the 38 German member states to root out subversive idea in their universities and newspapers.

Carlsbad Decrees

4

a meeting of Russia, Prussia, Austria and Great Britain to fashion a peace settlement having defeated France.

Congress of Vienna

5

laws revised in 1815 that prohibited the importation of foreign grain trade unless the price at home rose to improbable levels.

Corn Laws

6

the leading scientists, engineers and industrialists (according to Count Henri de Saint-Simon the doers would plan the economy and guide it forward by undertaking public works projects and establishment investment banks).

Doers

7

a term that historian Eric Hobsbawn used for the economic and political changes that tended to fuse, reinforcing each other.

dual revolution

8

the result of four years of crop failure in Ireland, a country that had grown dependent of potatoes as a dietary staple.

Great Famine

9

an alliance formed by Austria, Russia and Prussia in September of 1815 that became a symbol of the repression of liberal and revolutionary movements all over Europe.

Holy Alliance

10

economic liberalism that believes in unrestricted private enterprise and no government interference in the economy.

laissez faire

11

the principle ideas of which are equality and liberty, demanded representative government and equality before the law as well as individual freedoms such as freedom of press, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and freedom from arbitrary arrest.

Liberalism

12

the idea that each people had its own genius and its own cultural unity this cultural unity was self-evident, manifesting itself especially in a common language, history and territory.

Nationalism

13

the court, the aristocracy, lawyers and church men (according to Count Henri de Saint-Simon the key to progress was social organization and this required parasites to give way to doers).

Parasites

14

the modern working class.

Proletariat

15

a movement that was revolting against classicism and the Enlightenment, it was characterized by a belief in emotional exuberance, unrestrained imagination, and spontaneity in both art and personal life.

Romanticism

16

a backlash against the emergence of individualism and fragmentation of society it was a move towards cooperation and a sense of community, the key ideas were panning, greater economic equality and state regulation of property.

Socialism

17

Storm and Stress, German early Romantics of the 1770s and 1780s who lived lives of tremendous emotional intensity suicides, duels, madness and strange illnesses were common.

Sturm und Drang