CH 24 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CH 24 Vocab Deck (15)
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1

developed by English surgeon Joseph Lister, it was the idea that a chemical disinfectant applied to a wound dressing would destroy aerial bacteria.

antiseptic principle

2

follower of the radical philosopher Jeremy Benthamite who taught that public problems should be dealt with on a rational, scientific basis and according to the greatest good for the greatest number.

Benthamite

3

Freuds postulation that much of human behavior is motivated by unconscious emotional needs whose nature and origins are kept from conscious awareness by various mental devices.

defense mechanisms

4

the idea, applied by thinkers in many fields, that stresses gradual change and continuous adjustment.

Evolution

5

the idea, contrary to miasmatic theory, that disease was spread through filth and not caused by it.

germ theory

6

period between 1750 and 1850 marked by a high number of illegitimate births by the 1840s, as many as one birth in three was occurring outside of wedlock in many large cities.

illegitimacy explosion

7

highly skilled workers who made up about 15% of the working classes at the turn of the 20 th Century.

labor aristocracy

8

the belief that people contract disease when they breathe the bad odors of decay and putrefying excrement

miasmatic theory

9

the study of the compounds of carbon.

organic chemistry

10

process developed by Louis Pasteur that suppressed the activity of living organisms in a beverage by heating it.

Pasteurization

11

Auguste Comptes discipline of sociology, which postulated that each branch of our knowledge passes successively through three different theoretical conditions; the Theological, or ficticious; the Metaphysical, or abstract; and the Scientific, or positive.

positivist method

12

literary movement which stressed that literature should depict life exactly as it was.

Realism

13

a rigid gender division of labor with the wife as mother and homemaker and the husband as wage earner.

separate spheres

14

group of thinkers popular with the upper middle class who saw the human race as driven forward to ever-greater specialization and progress by the unending economic struggle which would determine the survival of the fittest.

Social Darwinists

15

a branch of physics built on Newtons laws of mechanics that investigated the relationship between heat and mechanical energy.

Thermodynamics