Flashcards in CH 28 Deck (42)
Between 1935 and 1940, union membership in the United States
A) doubled. D) fell by 40 percent.
B) tripled. E) increased by 50 percent.
C) fell by 25 percent.
To resolve the economic problems of Germany and international tensions in Europe, the
U.S. developed the
A) Agricultural Adjustment Act. D) New Deal.
B) Dawes Plan. E) Locarno Pact.
C) League of Nations.
The parliamentary governments of Germany in the mid- to late 1920s were dominated
A) Social Democrats. D) conservative aristocrats.
B) right-wing nationalists. E) Christian Democrats.
C) moderate businessmen.
Because France was ________________, the Great Depression hit France late.
A) well integrated into the world economy
B) highly industrialized
C) less industrialized, but well integrated into the world economy
D) the beneficiary of war reparations from Germany
E) less industrialized and more isolated from the world economy
The “middle way” refers to the
A) Scandinavian response to the Great Depression.
B) design philosophy of the Bauhaus.
C) reform of German reparations payments.
D) new literary efforts of writers such as Joyce and Faulkner.
E) British Liberal Party.
The composer Arnold Schönberg is known for
A) his creation of “twelve-tone” music that abandoned traditional harmony and
B) his composition of nationalistic German operas.
C) his symphonies composed for broadcast to popular audiences on the German
Deutsche Welle radio network.
D) his use of pulsing dissonant rhythms in the ballet Rites of Spring.
E) his composition of musical background for the first “talkies.”
At its height during the Great Depression, unemployment in the United States reached
A) 10 percent. D) 50 percent.
B) 25 percent. E) 75 percent.
C) 33 percent.
According to the text, Britain was more ready to conciliate Germany than France
following the Versailles peace settlement because
A) the British and Germans shared a common cultural heritage.
B) the British feared the growth of French military power.
C) the British wanted a strong Germany as a bulwark against Bolshevism.
D) the British hoped to purchase new ships for their battle fleet in Germany.
E) the British had depended heavily on the German market for their exports before
World War I.
All of the following artistic styles emerged in the Age of Anxiety except
A) surrealism. D) impressionism.
B) cubism. E) extreme expressionism.
The British political party that emerged during the 1920s as the champion of the
working class and the main opposition to the Conservative party was the
A) Liberal party. D) Communist party.
B) Labour party. E) Christian Democratic party.
C) Social Democratic party.
All of the following statements about the Bauhaus movement are accurate except that it
A) combined fine and applied arts.
B) stressed functional design.
C) combined expressionism and cubism to form surrealism.
D) was led by Walter Gropius.
E) had a great and continuing impact.
Authors such as Marcel Proust, James Joyce, and William Faulkner wrote about
A) societal problems.
B) utopian escapist themes.
C) romantic themes of love and personal fulfillment.
D) the complexity and irrationality of the human mind.
E) Christian salvation.
One of the earliest full-length feature films produced in the United States was
A) The Great Train Robbery. D) What the Butler Saw.
B) Gone with the Wind. E) Metropolitan.
C) Birth of a Nation.
The logical empiricism espoused by Ludwig Wittgenstein argued that
A) philosophy is only the logical clarification of thoughts.
B) individuals must become “engaged” in modern life.
C) one must search for moral values and then act on those values.
D) the concept of God could be adapted to fit within the Einsteinian universe.
E) angst zeit was the fundamental reality of the modern age.
Challenges to the centrality of rational thought to understand the human condition came
from all of the following philosophers except
A) Ludwig Wittgenstein. D) Friedrich Nietzsche.
B) Henri Bergson. E) Søren Kierkegaard.
C) Georges Sorel.
JeanPaul Sartre stressed
A) the role of emotion in understanding reality.
B) the remoteness of God.
C) the role of religion in human behavior.
D) that philosophy is only the study of language.
E) that individuals must give meaning to life through actions.
Friedrich Nietzsche maintained all of the following except that
A) religious belief provided stability in an absurd world.
B) conventional morality was suffocating self-realization and excellence.
C) rationality had been overemphasized.
D) a few superior beings could rise above the masses to become heroes.
E) Christianity was a “slave morality.”
The Christian revival after World War I depended heavily on which of the following
earlier philosophers and theologians?
A) Friedrich Nietzsche. D) Søren Kierkegaard.
B) Gabriel Marcel. E) Ignatius Loyola.
C) Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Albert Einstein's greatest contribution to the destruction of the Newtonian universe was
A) discovery of quanta.
B) principle of uncertainty.
C) discovery of the radioactive properties of radium.
D) theory of special relativity.
E) deconstruction of atomic theory.
In The Decline of the West, Oswald Spengler argued that
A) rampant homosexuality was destroying Western culture.
B) the West would soon be conquered by “the yellow race.”
C) decolonization was a moral imperative for Europe.
D) traditional Christian morality was weakening the West.
E) only socialism could save the West.
The first major public broadcasts of special events by radio were made in
A) 1938. B) 1933. C) 1920. D) 1912. E) 1901.
The British Broadcasting Corporation is representative of
A) a middle path between private networks in the U.S. and direct control on the
B) the role of private corporations in the development of radio entertainment.
C) propaganda value of radio broadcasts.
D) Britain's direct control of the airwaves.
E) the failure of publicly owned radio to reach the masses.
With Russia hostile and communist, France turned to a defensive alliance with
A) the United States. D) the “little Entente.”
B) Italy and Austria. E) Spain.
C) the Soviet Union.
With the U.S. failure to ratify the Versailles Treaty, many French leaders placed their
hopes for future security on
A) strict implementation of the treaty. D) a closer relationship with Germany.
B) the alliance with Great Britain. E) Bolshevik pressure on Germany.
C) the League of Nations.
When Germany refused to make its second reparations payment, France and Belgium
A) declared war.
B) established a naval blockade of German ports.
C) appealed to the League of Nations.
D) declared the Versailles Treaty null and void.
E) occupied the Ruhr district.
German government printing of money to pay unemployment benefits to workers
striking in the Ruhr against the Franco-Belgian occupation of 1923 led to
B) French withdrawal from the Ruhr.
C) a rise in the Ruhr workers' standard of living.
D) the crash of the U.S. stock market.
E) buying up of German currency by French speculators.
The slide into depression from 1929 to 1933 is best explained by the lack of leadership
in the international economy and
A) poor national economic policy in Britain.
B) poor national economic policy in Germany.
C) poor national economic policy in the United States.
D) poor national economic policy in almost every country.
E) poor national economic policy in the Soviet Union.
In the 1920s support for Adolf Hitler's National Socialist party
A) was strongest among wealthy businessmen and aristocrats.
B) was broad throughout the German population.
C) was stronger than that for any political party other than the Social Democrats.
D) declined until the party had no seats in the Reichstag.
E) was weak and confined to a few anti-Semites, ultranationalists, and angry
Buying stocks “on margin” refers to the practice of
A) buying stocks and selling them as soon as any gain is realized.
B) buying stocks in high-risk businesses.
C) buying stocks with loans secured against high-risk bonds.
D) buying stocks with loans from stockbrokers.
E) buying stocks with retirement funds.