Flashcards in CH 25 Deck (40)
The first state to enact social welfare legislation was
A) England. D) the United States.
B) Germany. E) Austria-Hungary.
Which statement below best characterizes Napoleon III's economic policies?
A) They were mercantilist.
B) They were laissez-faire.
C) They aimed at nationalization of major industries.
D) They favored the interests of landed aristocrats.
E) They used government action to stimulate railroad building and investment.
The first and most important of the Great Reforms in Russia was the
A) abolition of serfdom.
B) creation of the zemstvos, the local, elected governmental councils.
C) granting of a constitution.
D) nationalization of church property.
E) modernization of the legal system.
The Russian Revolution of 1905 resulted from all of the following causes except
A) business and professional classes' desire for political modernization.
B) the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905.
C) a radicalized and unhappy working class.
D) growing nationalism among subject peoples of the empire.
E) the assassination of Alexander III.
Which of the following events occurred first?
A) “Bloody Sunday” rocked Russia.
B) Bismarck launched his Kulturkampf.
C) The U.S. Civil War began.
D) Napoleon III claimed the throne in France.
E) The first social security laws were passed in Germany.
The Russian zemstvo was the
A) peasant commune that owned the land distributed by the Great Reforms.
B) new Russian parliament established after the Revolution of 1905.
C) institution for local government established by the Great Reforms.
D) name of the currency issued when Russia adopted the gold standard.
E) state-run investment bank set up to promote railroad construction.
In the decades before 1848, ____________ pushed for a centralized democratic Italian
A) Mazzini B) Garibaldi C) Cavour D) Bismarck E) Victor Emmanuel
Karl Lueger, the popular mayor of Vienna, espoused
A) Hungarian nationalism. D) parliamentary democracy.
B) evolutionary socialism. E) anti-Semitism.
C) revolutionary Marxism.
Bismarck's Kulturkampf refers to
A) his drive to make German workers more “cultured.”
B) his attack on the Catholic church in the German Empire.
C) his attempt to stamp out anti-German attitudes in France following the Franco-
D) his 1864 war against Denmark.
E) his promotion of the German Empire's new National Theater.
Which of the following events prompted liberals in the Prussian parliament to reconcile
A) The 1864 war against Denmark.
B) The 1866 defeat of Austria and formation of the North German Confederation.
C) The 1870 defeat of France and formation of the German Empire.
D) The Kulturkampf of 1870–1878.
E) The passage of social security laws in 1883–1884.
In which episode in the unification of Italy did Guiseppe Garibaldi play a key role?
A) Austria's defeat of Mazzini's republicanism in 1848.
B) The defeat of Austria at Solferino in 1859.
C) The peace negotiations at Villafranca in 1859.
D) The conquest and annexation of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
E) The annexation of Rome in 1870.
Louis Napoleon's election as president of the Second Republic and then hereditary
emperor was a product of all of the following except his
A) famous name.
B) protection of property.
C) antiCatholic beliefs.
D) positive program.
E) image as a strong leader who would override special interests.
The event that directly prompted the Great Reforms in Russia, including the
emancipation of the serfs, was
A) defeat in the Crimean War of 1853–1856.
B) the Revolution of 1905.
C) the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–1905.
D) the assassination of Alexander II in 1881.
E) The Lena Goldfields Massacre of 1912.
The success of Napoleon III's system was based on all of the following except
A) his recruitment of local notables to stand as government candidates in elections.
B) economic intervention.
C) close attention to electoral politics.
D) sensitivity to public opinion.
E) a successful foreign policy.
Garibaldi was the leader of the
A) Black Shirts. D) Green Shirts.
B) Red Shirts. E) Black Shorts.
C) White Shirts.
Sardinia-Piedmont became the leader of the Italian unification as a result of all of the
following factors except
A) the failure of Mazzini's style of democratic nationalism in 1848.
B) Pope Pius IX's rejection of Italian unification.
C) Austrian support.
D) Victor Emmanuel's granting of a liberal constitution.
E) the able leadership of Count Camillo Benso di Cavour.
In order to force Austria to give up its territory in Italy, Cavour secured an alliance with
A) the pope. B) Prussia. C) the Hungarians. D) France. E) Russia.
All of the following were part of Prussia before 1866 except
A) Schleswig-Holstein. D) Brandenburg.
B) Westphalia. E) Silesia.
The long-established customs union among the German states was known as the
A) Zemstvo. D) North German Confederation.
B) Zollverein. E) Sadowa.
The cash crop that revitalized the slave economy of the southern United States in the
nineteenth century was
A) tobacco. B) sugar cane. C) cotton. D) rice. E) potatoes.
Bismarck's constitution for the North German Confederation featured all of the
A) a lower house elected by universal, male suffrage.
B) local control of local affairs.
C) Prussian control of the federal government, army, and foreign affairs.
D) an elected president.
E) an upper house of delegates appointed by different German states.
Theodore Herzl was
A) the anti-Semitic mayor of Vienna.
B) speaker of the Reichstag during much of Bismarck's tenure.
C) the creator of modern psychoanalysis.
D) the founder of the Zionist Jewish national movement.
E) a German socialist and author of Evolutionary Socialism.
After the Franco-Prussian War, Prussia
A) imposed a harsh peace on France.
B) imposed a generous peace on France.
C) asked for international participation in the formation of the peace treaty.
D) acknowledged its own role in starting the war.
E) made the status quo before the war the basis of the peace treaty.
All of the following are consequences of the FrancoPrussian War except
A) the completion of German unification.
B) the collapse of the French Second Empire.
C) an upsurge of German nationalistic pride.
D) a wave of social reform in Germany.
E) French patriots in Paris declared another republic.
The Great Reforms in Russia included all of the following except
A) a national parliament.
B) the abolition of serfdom.
C) establishment of a new institution of local government.
D) reform of the legal system.
E) relaxation of censorship.
The greatest impediment to nation building in the United States was
A) its weak “colonial” economy.
B) regional differences exacerbated by slavery.
C) the lack of common ancestry among its citizens.
D) the intellectual legacy of the American Revolution.
E) religious conflict.
The Mexican War of 1848
A) reduced tensions between the North and South by generating an atmosphere of
renewed patriotic unity.
B) exacerbated tensions between the North and South as debate erupted over the
extension of slavery into territory acquired from Mexico.
C) provided a crucial stimulus to the development of cotton culture in the Southwest.
D) led to a “national” policy toward African Americans.
E) left the South devastated and weakened.
The consequences of the U.S. Civil War included all of the following except
A) the emergence of powerful business corporations.
B) reinforcement of the concept of free labor.
C) equality for its black citizens.
D) the confirmation of the concept of “manifest destiny.”
E) economic prosperity for the North.
Sergei Witte was
A) the Minister of Finance who led Russian industrialization in the 1890s.
B) the assassin of Alexander II.
C) the founder of Russian Marxism.
D) the architect of Russia's Great Reforms in the 1860s and early 1870s.
E) Nicholas II's chief minister who passed laws encouraging individual ownership of