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Flashcards in Chapter 2- Concepts of Construction Deck (143)
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91

A beam.

Joist

92

A unit for measuring the energy release rate of fire.

Kilowatt (KW)

93

A wall typically found in the top floor of a wood frame home with a peaked roof. This short wall squares off the triangular area at the edge of the room where the sloping roof meets the floor.

Knee wall

94

A force that acts on a structure from a horizontal direction, such as wind or seismic forces.

Lateral impact load

95

A wood board typically attached to a wall's studs that is used to support wood joists.

Ledger board

96

The horizontal beam that forms the upper structural member of an opening for a window or door and supports part of the structure above it.

Lintel

97

The weight of the buildings contents.

Live load

98

A very large structure.

Megastructure

99

A structural system that utilizes special moment connections between columns and beams to resist rotation due to lateral loads such as earthquakes and wind.

Moment frame

100

A construction technique in which all successive poured concrete castings are joined together so that the structure seems to be like one piece of stone.

Monolithic concrete

101

When any change is to be made in the foundation of an existing wall, the wall must be supported. Often holes are cut through the wall, and so called __ __ are inserted and supported on both sides.

Needle beams

102

The line along which the length of the beam does not change.

Neutral axis

103

The connection points joining ties, struts, and chords in a truss.

Panel points

104

Non load bearing enclosing wall on framed buildings.

Panel wall (curtain wall)

105

A non load bearing wall that subdivides spaces within any story of a building or room.

Partition wall

106

A load bearing wall that is common to two structures.

Party wall

107

A masonry column projecting from one or both faces of the wall in which it is located.

Pilaster

108

Design based on connections that redirect overloads to other sections of the building.

Plastic design

109

Heavy riveting of girders to columns from the top to the bottom of the frame.

Portal bracing

110

A truss with two compression member.

Queen post truss

111

Diagonal bracing columns

Rakers

112

The response in structures to the imposed loads, which are generally developed at the supports.

Reaction

113

A load that is applied intermittently.

Repeated load

114

A water soluble mixture used in the past as mortar, when water is applied, the mortar can be washed away from the wall.

Sand lime mortar

115

A type of floor in which floor girders are set on anchor boxes in walls and caps attached to columns.

Self releasing floor

116

Another term for dead load

Self weight

117

A wall that counteracts the effects of lateral loads such as wind and earthquakes.

Shear wall

118

Forces occurring within a building member when opposing forces pull the member in opposite directions.

Shear

119

A beam supported at two points near its end.

Simple beam

120

A three dimensional pyramid like truss

Spaceframe